Was ist Bitcoin-Mining und ist es profitabel? IG DE

Bored? Looking for something to do? Start with this list of things to do in the Sacramento area.

(Credit for the below list has to be given to u/BurritoFueled, who created the original list in 2014 and updated it a year later. Almost two-thirds of the items below are still from that original list. All I’ve done with the list is revive it a little bit by updating dead links and making little tweaks when necessary. Also, thanks to those that submitted new additions to the list last week. Over a third of the below items are new and a lot of the original items have had newer information added onto them.)
People are always looking for something to do around here. Maybe you’re a transplant, unaware of what this area has to offer, or maybe you’re a lifelong resident, tired of the same old thing. Well friend, if you fall into the latter category, do not despair. There’s actually plenty of things to do in the Sacramento area – things of interest to almost any lifestyle, personality, or budget.
So, whether you’re an athlete, geek, eccentric, hipster, weirdo, sexual deviant or just a normal person looking for a new activity, below is a list of activities for you to try. Please note that it includes only activities that take place at least a few times a year – no one-off events or festivals here.
Enjoy this list. If you have any suggestions of your own to add, comment below in this thread. I'll try to keep this as up to date as possible.
Away we go.
UPDATED 10-6-20
(Note: Due to the current pandemic, some of these activities may be curtailed or not offered at all.)
submitted by PowerWindows85 to Sacramento [link] [comments]

How YFI came out of nowhere to become the fastest coin to reach $1B and the fastest coin to ever get listed on Coinbase

Note: As mentioned to the original 624 Reddit subscribers, there will be $YFI based Exclusive Original Content released here by myself and others from time to time. These kinds of interactive Deep Dives with a Q&A with fellow Investors / Beta Testers right afterwards is a rare thing in Crypto, and will only be found with this level of immediacy, social interaction, permanence, depth, and complexity of analysis and feedback on a platform like Reddit.

A lot of projects have low innovation, just copying something that someone else has already done, but with small tweaks to things like variables in Smart Contracts. A few rare projects have genuine innovation, providing genuine value to investors and users by providing attractive new products that simplify a lot of things in this space.
Even rarer are the Unicorns that not only have innovation, but they have innovation in spades, oozing out of every pore. $YFI is one of these types of Unicorns. The scope of products and rapidity of release of new revolutionary products of this project has been simply unmatched in the short history of Crypto.
Since 2009, the world of crypto has never seen anything like this lightning fast pace of development spanning such a wide scope of products - optimized automated yield farming and lending that relentlessly hunts the best yields, crypto insurance on Smart Contracts, a revolutionary Stablecoin idea that essentially makes a USD altcoin "smart" with built-in yield farming capabilities for the first time, to name a few - all built by a genius Smart Contract Builder who provided the world the first Fair Launch token.
Key to wrapping your head around the advantages that the yEarn Finance ecosystem has over - well, every single other option out there at this time - are the concepts below:

  1. CeFi vs. DeFi
  2. Composability
  3. Smart Contract Stacking
  4. The power of a Talented and Diverse DAO

To discuss these concepts, and to educate beginners, we have to understand what the terms above truly mean. This post doesn't discuss any particular products and their advantages, only the systemic advantages that are available only to $YFI. This project seems to attract the smartest and the highest risk taking of crypto investors, and an important thing in truly understanding all of the risks involved, is that you have to know the terms and concepts first. Even veteran crypto and DeFi users may be thrown for a loop by some of the innovative products and concepts that keep coming out of the YFI Labs.
This project is going through an expansion phase, where the scope of everything and the reach of the various released products is increasing (Insurance, A truly pegged Stablecoin, yETH Version 2, ySwap, yLiquidate, etc, etc..)
You know that there's some motherforker or twenty that is now just avidly waiting for every piece of code that Andre drops onto GitHub, so that they can be among the first to copy it verbatim then claim it as "their own variation" because they changed some variables and titles. Yawn.
From the definitive glossary for the DeFi space - yet another $YFI innovation - I'll list their definitions below. These may not be their final definitions when I finish any V1.1 edits to it, but they're good enough for now, and at least 3 or more YFI Dev Team members have read, reviewed, or edited these definitions. I've also invited my fellow Beta testers to provide comments to my RFC on this subreddit and in the Governance forum (among the documentation volunteers).
Yes, this is how early DeFi investors are in the development and maturation of the DeFi space. Anyone reading this right now is so early into DeFi's evolution that the terms used for this space are literally still being finalized by the community.
I've given a little bit of a sneak peek into how technical documentation is somehow self-organized in a powerful DAO such as this one. In this example, it starts off with a call for help on Twitter to improve our documentation by tracheopteryx. Interested and qualified volunteers show up (or don't) when such a call is made.
Your writers and editors have spent many a moment pondering off into space debating whether this term really means this or that, or if the term was either succinctly described, or fully sufficient. It's a usually thankless and anonymous job, that is critical in providing enough relevant information to its users and investors. [Note: Just like anything you see related to the $YFI project: You can help us improve this documentation - any of it - if you see errors or better ways of describing this information.]
All terms are shamelessly plagiarized from myself and my fellow writeeditors - u/tracheopteryx and Franklin - from the draft definitions in our new DeFi glossary: https://docs.yearn.finance/defi-glossary

1. CeFi vs. DeFi
CeFi - Centralized Finance. In terms of cryptocurrency, CeFi is represented by centralized cryptocurrency exchanges, businesses or organizations with a physical address, and usually with some sort of corporate structure. These CeFi businesses must follow all applicable laws, rules, and regulations in each country, state, or region in which they operate.
DeFi - DeFi, or Decentralized Finance, is at its root a set of Smart Contracts running independently on blockchains such as the Ethereum network. Smart Contracts may or may not interact with other smart contracts and even other blockchains.
The goal of DeFi is to enhance profitability of investors in DeFi through automated smart contracts seeking to maximize yields for invested funds. DeFi is marked by rapid innovative progression and testing of new ideas and concepts.
DeFi often involves high risk investing sometimes involving smart contracts that have not been audited or even thoroughly reviewed (a review is not as comprehensive as an audit, but may be also be included as part of an audit). Due to this and other reasons, DeFi is conventionally considered to be more risky than CeFi or traditional investing.
Comment: DeFi is higher risk, partly because it moves so fast. A lot of yams, hot dogs, and sushi can get lost when you move so fast that you can't even bother to do a thorough audit before releasing code. The cream of the crop projects will all have had multiple audits done by multiple independent auditors. Auditors are expensive. At such an embryonic stage, most projects can't afford to have one audit done let alone 5.
But if you can live with that higher risk intrinsic in DeFi and be willing to be a part of "testing in prod," then financial innovation can truly blossom. And if you let your best and brightest members of your community focus only on doing what they do best, then they don't have to bother to try to grow a business like a Bezos, Musk, or a Zuckerberg. Innovative entrepreneurs in this mold such as Andre, don't have to even try to do this business growth on their own because the DAO sets it up so that they don't have to do this. The DAO both grows the business while supporting and allowing these innovators to simply innovate, instead of trying to get nerds to do backroom deals to gain market share and access to new customers. It turns out that nerds are much more productive when you just let them be a nerd in their labs.

  1. Composability
Composability - The measure of the usability and ability of a product to be used as a building block (or "money lego") in the construction of other products or domains. A protocol that is simple, powerful, and that functions well with other protocols would be considered to have high composability.
Comment: The maturity of the cryptocurrency ecosystem and the evolution of composable building tools in the DeFi space now make new products and concepts available. $YFI would not have been possible only 2 or 3 years ago; the tools and ecosystem simply weren't ready for it yet.
This is why only now are you and many other now hearing about YFI. In 2018, Andre began providing free code reviews to Crypto Briefing. Andre had to learn to walk before he could run, and the composable tools needed to work on embryonic ideas in his head were simply not ready or available then. By reading and reviewing so many Smart Contracts he learned to recognize good code from bad code at what was still a very early stage in Smart Contract development in 2018, only 3 years after ETH's launch in July 2015.

  1. Smart Contract Stacking
Smart Contracts - A digital contract that is programmed in a language that is considered Turing complete, meaning that with enough processing power and time, a properly programmed Smart Contract should be able to use its code base and logical algorithms to perform almost any digital task or process. Ethereum's programming languages, such as Solidity and Vyper, are Turing complete.
Comment: Smart Contracts have actually gotten smarter since ETH launched in July 2015. It's because Smart Contract builders needed to learn Solidity and how it functions and interoperates before they could spread their wings as designers. With more time and experience under their belts, the early SC builders that stuck to it have gotten much better.
In Andre Cronje, we may have been witness to the rise of the next Satoshi or Vitalik of crypto. There is a reason that a couple of days ago, I counted 6 of 41 YF clones - nearly 15% - among the top gainers on the day. Success breeds copycats showing a ton of flattery. A smart contract is so smart, it can be used to be stacked upon other smart contracts such as at Aave or Maker.
True innovation takes time, sacrifice, blood, sweat, and tears. It does not come without cost to those doing the innovating.
There is not a single project in DeFi, CeFi, or even all of cryptocurrency that can claim the breadth and diversity of innovation and product reach that is found in the $YFI ecosystem. As a tech investor and professional nerd who's been involved at Research Labs and around product development and testing since before the year 2000. Prior to that I've ready widely and keenly to keep up with technological changes and assess investment potential in these disruptive changes nearly my whole life.
The amount of innovation shown in this project is breathtaking if you're a Tech or FinTech researcher. It's being released at a ridiculously rapid pace that is simply unmatched in any private or government research lab anywhere, let alone at any CeFi or traditional financial institution one can name. The only comparable levels of innovation shown by this young project is typically only seen during periods of epochal changes such as The Renaissance or times of strife and war, such as World War II.
Unless you've been in the industry and working with coders: I don't think those that haven't been around software development and testing can understand, can truly grasp that no one, no group does this. This isn't normal. This rapid-fire release of truly innovative code and intelligent strategies would have to be comparable to some of the greatest creative periods of human ingenuity and creativity. It's truly on par with periods of brilliance seen by thinkers like Newton, Einstein and Tesla, except with software code and concepts in decentralized finance. When the history of FinTech writes this chapter in its history, $YFI may need its own section or chapter.
Don't forget all of these financial instruments we take for granted all around us, all had a simple start somewhere, whether it was an IOU system of credit, insurance, stocks, bonds, derivatives, futures, options, and so on...they all started off as an idea somewhere that had to get tested sooner or later "in production."
One brilliant aspect of $YFI Smart Contracts is that they're built as a profitable layer atop existing DeFi protocols, extracting further value from base crypto assets and even primary crypto derivatives. $YFI is built atop existing smart contracts to create further value where there was none before, and help maximize gains for long term investors.

  1. The Power of a Talented and Diverse DAO
DAO - Distributed Autonomous Organization. The first DAO was started in 2016. According to Wikipedia's definition, it is an: "organization represented by rules encoded as a computer program that is transparent, controlled by the organization members and not influenced by a central government. A DAO's financial transaction record and program rules are maintained on a blockchain."
When implemented well, a DAO allows for real world experiments in decentralized democratic organization and control, with more freedom of action and less regulatory oversight for DAO controlled projects and products when compared to legacy corporate structures and organizations.
Comment: yEarn Finance has shown us what a properly motivated and sufficiently powerful DAO can do in a short amount of time.
There's many reasons why this project with an already profitable business model is the fastest original project in history to ever reach a $1B marketcap in any market - traditional or crypto - accomplishing this amazing feat in less than two months. There's reasons why this is probably the fastest coin in history to get listed on Coinbase in less than 2 months.
The power of a sufficiently talented and diverse development team and community is stunning in its power, speed, and ability to get things done quickly. There are risks aplenty with parts of this project, but $YFI is now seen as a "safe" place in DeFi, because you know you that as far as yield farming you probably couldn't do it better yourself unless you took a chance on unaudited code with anonymous Devs, or you were doing the trading equivalent of throwing darts blindfolded and somehow won, except that you even more improbably kept doing that over and over and winning.

Summary: There's reasons why YFI has been called the Bitcoin of DeFi and the Berkshire Hathaway Series A of crypto. I've listed some of the reasons above. The confluence of these 4 factors has helped lead to explosive growth for this project.
This isn't financial advice as I'm not a financial pro but make no mistake: as a Crypto OG around crypto since early 2013, who was deeply involved in multiple community projects as an early organizer, and who was a small investor during the DotCom era investing in early giants that went on to be gorillas, I don't say this lightly that the $YFI project is lightning in a bottle and a diamond in the rough.
What $YFI allows, when all is said and done, is the rapid fire implementation of great ideas that have gone through a rapid Darwinian evolution, where only the best ideas are implemented. Thoughts and ideas are powerful things. The valuation of this coin and ecosystem has to, it must take into account that this nascent financial innovation hub and ecosystem actually works and allows the best of these ideas to actually blossom rapidly.
You just don't find too many gems like this.
submitted by CryptoOGkauai to yearn_finance [link] [comments]

Eth 2.0 vs Polkadot and other musings by a fundamental investor

Spent about two hours on this post and I decided it would help the community if I made it more visible. Comment was made as a response to this
I’m trying to avoid falling into a maximalist mindset over time. This isn’t a 100% ETH question, but I’m trying to stay educated about emerging tech.
Can someone help me see the downsides of diversifying into DOTs?
I know Polkadot is more centralized, VC backed, and generally against our ethos here. On chain governance might introduce some unknown risks. What else am I missing?
I see a bunch of posts about how Ethereum and Polkadot can thrive together, but are they not both L1 competitors?
Response:
What else am I missing?
The upsides.
Most of the guys responding to you here are full Eth maxis who drank the Parity is bad koolaid. They are married to their investment and basically emotional / tribal in an area where you should have a cool head. Sure, you might get more upvotes on Reddit if you do and say what the crowd wants, but do you want upvotes and fleeting validation or do you want returns on your investment? Do you want to be these guys or do you want to be the shareholder making bank off of those guys?
Disclaimer: I'm both an Eth whale and a Dot whale, and have been in crypto for close to a decade now. I originally bought ether sub $10 after researching it for at least a thousand hours. Rode to $1500 and down to $60. Iron hands - my intent has always been to reconsider my Eth position after proof of stake is out. I invested in the 2017 Dot public sale with the plan of flipping profits back to Eth but keeping Dots looks like the right short and long term play now. I am not a trader, I just take a deep tech dive every couple of years and invest in fundamentals.
Now as for your concerns:
I know Polkadot is more centralized
The sad truth is that the market doesn't really care about this. At all. There is no real statistic to show at what point a coin is "decentralized" or "too centralized". For example, bitcoin has been completely taken over by Chinese mining farms for about five years now. Last I checked, they control above 85% of the hashing power, they just spread it among different mining pools to make it look decentralized. They have had the ability to fake or block transactions for all this time but it has never been in their best interest to do so: messing with bitcoin in that way would crash its price, therefore their bitcoin holdings, their mining equipment, and their company stock (some of them worth billions) would evaporate. So they won't do it due to economics, but not because they can't.
That is the major point I want to get across; originally Bitcoin couldn't be messed with because it was decentralized, but now Bitcoin is centralized but it's still not messed with due to economics. It is basically ChinaCoin at this point, but the market doesn't care, and it still enjoys over 50% of the total crypto market cap.
So how does this relate to Polkadot? Well fortunately most chains - Ethereum included - are working towards proof of stake. This is obviously better for the environment, but it also has a massive benefit for token holders. If a hostile party wanted to take over a proof of stake chain they'd have to buy up a massive share of the network. The moment they force through a malicious transaction a proof of stake blockchain has the option to fork them off. It would be messy for a few days, but by the end of the week the hostile party would have a large amount of now worthless tokens, and the proof of stake community would have moved on to a version of the blockchain where the hostile party's tokens have been slashed to zero. So not only does the market not care about centralization (Bitcoin example), but proof of stake makes token holders even safer.
That being said, Polkadot's "centralization" is not that far off to Ethereum. The Web3 foundation kept 30% of the Dots while the Ethereum Foundation kept 17%. There are whales in Polkadot but Ethereum has them too - 40% of all genesis Ether went to 100 wallets, and many suspect that the original Ethereum ICO was sybiled to make it look more popular and decentralized than it really was. But you don't really care about that do you? Neither do I. Whales are a fact of life.
VC backed
VCs are part of the crypto game now. There is no way to get rid of them, and there is no real reason why you should want to get rid of them. They put their capital at risk (same as you and me) and seek returns on their investment (same as you and me). They are both in Polkadot and Ethereum, and have been for years now. I have no issue with them as long as they don't play around with insider information, but that is another topic. To be honest, I would be worried if VCs did not endorse chains I'm researching, but maybe that's because my investing style isn't chasing hype and buying SUSHI style tokens from anonymous (at the time) developers. That's just playing hot potato. But hey, some people are good at that.
As to the amount of wallets that participated in the Polkadot ICO: a little known fact is that more individual wallets participated in Polkadot's ICO than Ethereum's, even though Polkadot never marketed their ICO rounds due to regulatory reasons.
generally against our ethos here
Kool aid.
Some guy that works(ed?) at Parity (who employs what, 200+ people?) correctly said that Ethereum is losing its tech lead and that offended the Ethereum hivemind. Oh no. So controversial. I'm so personally hurt by that.
Some guy that has been working for free on Ethereum basically forever correctly said that Polkadot is taking the blockchain tech crown. Do we A) Reflect on why he said that? or B) Rally the mob to chase him off?
"I did not quit social media, I quit Ethereum. I did not go dark, I just left the community. I am no longer coordinating hard forks, building testnets, or contributing otherwise. I did not work on Polkadot, I never did, I worked on Ethereum. I did not hate Ethereum, I loved it."
Also Parity locked their funds (and about 500+ other wallets not owned by them) and proposed a solution to recover them. When the community voted no they backed off and did not fork the chain, even if they had the influence to do so. For some reason this subreddit hates them for that, even if Parity did the 100% moral thing to do. Remember, 500+ other teams or people had their funds locked, so Parity was morally bound to try its best to recover them.
Its just lame drama to be honest. Nothing to do with ethos, everything to do with emotional tribalism.
Now for the missing upsides (I'll also respond to random fragments scattered in the thread):
This isn’t a 100% ETH question, but I’m trying to stay educated about emerging tech.
A good quick intro to Eth's tech vs Polkadot's tech can be found on this thread, especially this reply. That thread is basically mandatory reading if you care about your investment.
Eth 2.0's features will not really kick in for end users until about 2023. That means every dapp (except DeFI, where the fees make sense due to returns and is leading the fee market) who built on Eth's layer 1 are dead for three years. Remember the trading card games... Gods Unchained? How many players do you think are going to buy and sell cards when the transaction fee is worth more than the cards? All that development is now practically worthless until it can migrate to its own shard. This story repeats for hundreds of other dapp teams who's projects are now priced out for three years. So now they either have to migrate to a one of the many unpopulated L2 options (which have their own list of problems and risks, but that's another topic) or they look for another platform, preferably one interoperable with Ethereum. Hence Polkadot's massive growth in developer activity. If you check out https://polkaproject.com/ you'll see 205 projects listed at the time of this post. About a week ago they had 202 listed. That means about one team migrated from another tech stack to build on Polkadot every two days, and trust me, many more will come in when parachains are finally activated, and it will be a complete no brainer when Polkadot 2.0 is released.
Another huge upside for Polkadot is the Initial Parachain Offerings. Polkadot's version of ICOs. The biggest difference is that you can vote for parachains using your Dots to bind them to the relay chain, and you get some of the parachain's tokens in exchange. After a certain amount of time you get your Dots back. The tokenomics here are impressive: Dots are locked (reduced supply) instead of sold (sell pressure) and you still earn your staking rewards. There's no risk of scammers running away with your Ether and the governance mechanism allows for the community to defund incompetent devs who did not deliver what was promised.
Wouldn’t an ETH shard on Polkadot gain a bunch of scaling benefits that we won’t see natively for a couple years?
Yes. That is correct. Both Edgeware and Moonbeam are EVM compatible. And if the original dapp teams don't migrate their projects someone else will fork them, exactly like SUSHI did to Uniswap, and how Acala is doing to MakerDao.
Although realistically Ethereum has a 5 yr headstart and devs haven't slowed down at all
Ethereum had a five year head start but it turns out that Polkadot has a three year tech lead.
Just because it's "EVM Compatible" doesn't mean you can just plug Ethereum into Polkadot or vica versa, it just means they both understand Ethereum bytecode and you can potentially copy/paste contracts from Ethereum to Polkadot, but you'd still need to add a "bridge" between the 2 chains, so it adds additional complexity and extra steps compared to using any of the existing L2 scaling solutions
That only applies of you are thinking from an Eth maximalist perspective. But if you think from Polkadot's side, why would you need to use the bridge back to Ethereum at all? Everything will be seamless, cheaper, and quicker once the ecosystem starts to flourish.
I see a bunch of posts about how Ethereum and Polkadot can thrive together, but are they not both L1 competitors?
They are competitors. Both have their strategies, and both have their strengths (tech vs time on the market) but they are clearly competing in my eyes. Which is a good thing, Apple and Samsung competing in the cell phone market just leads to more innovation for consumers. You can still invest in both if you like.
Edit - link to post and the rest of the conversation: https://www.reddit.com/ethfinance/comments/iooew6/daily_general_discussion_september_8_2020/g4h5yyq/
Edit 2 - one day later PolkaProject count is 210. Devs are getting the hint :)
submitted by redditsucks_goruqqus to polkadot_market [link] [comments]

A Detailed Look at the Proposed Flea Market Changes And The Risks Involved

The flea market changes are unlikley to fix the problems most people are upset with in this game. I am going to try and breakdown why i think this is the case as easily as i can because i love this game and don't want it to die off like so many other awesome games have in the past.
This will be a long post. Sorry.
Key non-bug problems in EFT:
A: CheatersB: HatchlingsC: RMTD: Trader flipping
Proposed BSG solution: Limit flea to Found In Raid (FIR)
Top-line Overall Result:
Top-line side effects:
If you believe that prices for goods won't skyrocket because of these changes i simply don't have time to explain economics 101 in this post, so i'll just move on.

So lets see how the change impacts the key problems the playerbase is facing:
A: Cheaters
Best solution for cheaters: Strong anti-cheat systems with HWID bans and a post raid replay system that lets the community report cheaters. Potentially region locks.
B: Hatchlings
C: RMT - Gold farming
Side note: How does gold farming work: (sources: here, here & here)
D: Trader flipping

True concequences of this change:

Alternative solutions:
A: Cheaters - as mentioned, stronger anti-cheat, post raid replay system with reporting.
B: Hatchlings - Spawn scavs or even raiders near high tier loot immediatly at start of the raid or longer term, dynamic loot spawns.
C: RMT - Best solved by cutting off easy money farming by killing off hatchlings, this makes gold farming harder, which pushes up the real world value of rubles, reducing it's prominence.
D: Trader flipping - Localise trader stocks or limit barters for high value items to only a few per account per wipe as well as limiting purchase quantities per player per hour on items like high pen ammo.

Summary:
I am strongly of the opinion that this change will hurt the games core playerbase and lead to less people playing EFT as it devalues and makes more difficult parts of the game many people find enjoyable such as gun builds, PVP and getting real lucky taking down a juicedboi and reselling his kit.
This is a beta, so hopefully these changes will be tested and community feedback garnered to see if the change should be permanent. Hence i have made this detailed and long ass post to help in that process. If you disagree thats fine, go off in the comments thats what discussions are about.

I appreciate anyone who got this far, and thank you to the devs for making such a great game.
Thanks
Snitchezel
submitted by Snitchezel to EscapefromTarkov [link] [comments]

Traditional Mining vs Green Staking: How UMI Cares for the Planet

Traditional Mining vs Green Staking: How UMI Cares for the Planet

https://preview.redd.it/fcymiab2fed51.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a32e38290d6f8048ba7cc982bc2963369642eb7a
Cryptocurrencies are about a major contribution to the transformation of the existing financial system. They can dramatically change the world and be of great benefit to humankind. But looking for benefits mustn't do harm to the environment.
We've taken up this theme for a reason. It is indeed possible to do harm. In fact, harm is already being done. Do you want to know in what way? By traditional mining, which is necessary to maintain the Bitcoin network, and thousands of other Proof-of-Work-based cryptocurrencies.
Negative impact of traditional mining
In order to maintain the Bitcoin network or other PoW-based cryptocurrencies, miners have to solve complex computational math problems — by doing so they verify the authenticity of transactions and add valid ones to the blockchain. This process is dubbed mining and requires extensive computing resources.
The need to compete to solve a mathematical puzzle and receive a reward makes people use more and more powerful equipment. This is how new bitcoins are generated. With the cryptocurrency boom, harmless mining on computers turned into an endless race among miners. Today miners not only buy high-performance computers. Some miners create farms consisting of energy-consuming ASIC devices while others use huge plants to mine bitcoins.

A mining farm consisting of thousands of ASIC devices. Source.
As you know, intensive computing power requires elevated power expenses and leads to air pollution and a waste of natural resources. This poses a serious problem. Nowadays electric power stations, which are thermal power plants (TPP), burn fossil fuel, such as coal or natural gas, to produce electricity.
This process causes CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions which adversely affect the biosphere — mining contributes to the greenhouse effect which heats the planet up. This consequently causes a global warming effect with its associated impacts on the environment and may pose threats to life on the planet. What is more, every minute we are breathing the same polluted air, thereby being at risk of a bunch of diseases and complications. All these factors shorten life expectancy for us and our children. Air pollution cause a great deal of premature deaths
The more carbon dioxide gets into the environment, the more harm it does. Carbon dioxide is a harmful by-product of industrial activity. The biting irony is that we use natural resources to generate these emissions, and these resources have limits too. Traditional mining significantly exacerbates the global problem and the situation has been deteriorating in recent years.
The effects of carbon footprint are already being felt
There are, undoubtedly, a lot of other factors that cause global environmental degradation, but the impact of mining should never be ignored. Bitcoin mining is estimated to produce as much carbon dioxide as that produced by industries of Estonia, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Jordan, or Sri Lanka.
The entire bitcoin network is responsible for 22-22.9 million tons of CO2 per year — just think and try to imagine how much it is. Chinese miners represent about half (47%) of emissions. In China energy is cheap as it's produced by coal-fired thermal power plants. Once we add emissions produced by mining other cryptos, the numbers will double!

Powerful mining equipment. Source.
Two years ago, Nature Research journal published an article regarding Bitcoin emissions. It said: "We cannot predict the future of Bitcoin, but projected Bitcoin usage, should it follow the rate of adoption of other broadly adopted technologies, could alone produce enough CO2 emissions to push warming above 2 °C within less than three decades." Two years later, we can see the researchers' concerns had the ground — digital gold keeps to be mined with the same enthusiasm as well as the planet keeps to be polluted. "It [Bitcoin] alone could produce enough emissions to raise global temperatures as soon as 2033, " warn a group of researchers.
As an alternate solution, miners are encouraged to use renewable energy (wind, solar, etc.) — which can make bitcoin mining more environmentally friendly. Unfortunately, renewable energy sources account for just a small share of global energy which makes them impossible to be used widely. Moreover, in the pursuit of profit, miners don't seem particularly eager to get rid of profitable equipment which cost them a fortune.
Nonetheless, the fact that modern cryptocurrencies disapprove environment-damaging mining lets us hope for the early improvement of the situation. UMI is one of these cryptocurrencies.
UMI is a green cryptocurrency based on smart contract
Not all cryptocurrencies use computing power to generate new coins. For example, there are cryptocurrencies based on Proof-of-Stake (PoS) and Proof-of-Authority (PoA) technology. UMI is just like that.
As a substitute for mining and to incite users, UMI uses Staking Smart Contract which allows generating new coins with no energy expenses and powerful equipment. No waste of natural resources. Staking technology is perfectly safe for the planet. This is the latest technological development loop of crypto industry.

https://preview.redd.it/wpgh5cmoged51.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=761dd09821e16924dfeeb7db8e65b6a66e50c5d5
UMI can be definitely called an environmentally friendly cryptocurrency as it has no negative impact on the environment. Today this is of greatest importance for all of us. UMI staking neither endangers human health nor harms the environment. In other words, we are protecting the planet and all the people that inhabit it. This is something we can be really proud of. Because the environment influences our health, and good health is the most important thing in life.
As a final note, we would like to say that adhering closely to their ideology, the UMI team collaborates only with environmentally conscious partners who are concerned with the protection of the natural world. This was the main reason for choosing the ROY Club as our partner. We are certain this will be productive cooperation which will make this world a better place.
Join in and invite all your friends — together we can create new UMI coins using eco-friendly staking and care for our planet!
Best regards, UMI Team!
submitted by UMITop to u/UMITop [link] [comments]

PoW or PoS: The Difference Between Mined and Non-Mined Crypto

PoW or PoS: The Difference Between Mined and Non-Mined Crypto
The whole crypto world discusses how Ethereum will switch from Proof of Work to Proof of Stake now. This change can significantly affect the cryptocurrency market. What are the positive and negative sides of PoW and PoS?
Cryptocurrencies can be divided into two types: those that can be mined (Bitcoin, Litecoin, Monero) and pre-mined ones (Ripple, Stellar, Cardano, EOS, NEO).

What is the big difference?

Although they differ in the method of generation, the basis of both types of crypto is the same: verification. Every transaction processed by the network must be verified by someone to ensure that virtual money has not been spent twice. Here we are talking about the difference in the verification process. Transaction groups are combined into a block; after verification, the block joins other previously confirmed blocks, and create a chain of transactions, or blockchain.

PoW: Mined Crypto

Mining is a process in which individuals, groups, or companies solve complex mathematical equations to verify transaction blocks using powerful computers. These math problems are part of the encryption process that protects transactions from cybercriminals and third party access.
The first who solves the problem and signs a block of transactions receives a reward. The miner, who confirmed the block of transactions e.g. in the Bitcoin network, receives a reward in BTC.

Disadvantages of Mined Crypto

  • Mining can be very expensive due to the large amounts of electricity consumed. In mined crypto with less capitalization, competition is usually lower than in BTC.
  • BTC mining requires special ASIC chips, that are combined into huge farms. Electricity is one of the main expenses for these projects. That is why China, where electricity is relatively cheap, has become a home to four of the five largest Bitcoin mining companies in the world.
  • Mining farms have to spend significant money funds on new equipment, which becomes out of date very fast.
  • Large projects need additional cooling, as servers and graphics cards heat up to high temperatures during operations.
  • The Proof-of-Work model is potentially vulnerable to a 51% attack (when a group of people with 51% of the computing power gains control of the network and its participants). For popular cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC), and Monero (XMR) this is not a problem due to their large capitalization. However, minor cryptocurrencies with long block processing times and low daily volumes are risking a lot.

PoS: Non-Mined Crypto

At the other end of the spectrum are pre-mined cryptocurrencies such as Ripple (XRP), Stellar, Cardano, EOS, and NEO.
In the PoS model, super-powered computers are not needed, and participants do not compete for the right to sign the next block. Thus, the costs of this approach are significantly lower. Transaction verification is carried out by cryptocurrency owners. The more cryptocurrencies you have, the longer you own it, the higher the probability that you will be selected to check the transaction block.
Certain mechanisms are built into the system that prevents the dominance of large cryptocurrency holders over the verification process. There are many random ways to select owners who get the right to sign a transaction block. This ensures that small holders have a chance to participate in the process.

Disadvantages of Non-Mined Crypto

Despite the fact that the costs of the Proof-of-Stake method are lower, PoS has its drawbacks.
  • Such cryptocurrencies are not threatened by an attack of 51%, however, another trouble replaces it — a person who posses 51% of all tokens in circulation can gain control of the network and its participants. Of course, in the case of cryptocurrencies with high capitalization, the possibility of this scenario is low, but small partners may suffer from this vulnerability.
  • The Proof-of-Stake model also gives major owners additional votes in determining the future development of the network. Most NEO tokens) belong to several founders, for instance. This helps increase transaction speed and reduces consensus-building time, but also makes cryptocurrency too centralized. In other words, in the PoS model, large players gain significant power, which is theoretically impossible with the PoW model.

Which method is better?

Both methods have their pros and cons. Nevertheless, sooner or later, some of the largest mined currencies (e.g. BTC) will reach their token limit. At this point, they will have to switch to Proof-of-Stake. Since it significantly reduces power consumption and doesn't require powerful computers, gradually all crypto including BTC will switch to a non-mined model just like Ether did.

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https://preview.redd.it/2ticyj57a6051.png?width=3300&format=png&auto=webp&s=2ed429625a45588ef371862af3bc1f71a23c34a3
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to ethtrader [link] [comments]

A Brief History of BitCoin

A Brief History of BitCoin


What is Bitcoin? | How It Work?

A Brief History of BitCoin

The virtual currency was intended to develop peer-to-peer transactions; it doesn’t need a go-between, the exchange of private information, or transaction fees.

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is virtual money or cryptocurrency, that’s measured by a decentralized network of operators and isn’t straight subject to the impulses of central banking decisions or national governments. There are hundreds of cryptocurrencies in lively use today, Bitcoin is through far the most general and widely used – the nearby cryptocurrency equal to traditional, state-minted coins.

How Bitcoin Works

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency since it’s supported by source code that customs highly composite procedures to prevent illegal duplication or creation of Bitcoin elements. The code’s fundamental principles, known as cryptography, are based on innovative scientific and computer engineering values. It’s practically impossible to stop Bitcoin’s source code and operate the currency’s supply.
Though it was headed by other virtual coins, Bitcoin is identified as the first modern cryptocurrency. That’s since Bitcoin is the initial to blend some key structures shared by most after created cryptocurrencies.

User Anonymity

Intense privacy safeties are seared into Bitcoin’s source code. The method is intended to openly record Bitcoin dealings and other related data without revealing the individuality of the groups involved. As a substitute, Bitcoin users are recognized by public keys or numerical codes that find them to additional users, and occasionally pseudonymous handles or usernames.

Bitcoin Exchanges

Bitcoin exchanges permit users to change Bitcoin parts for authorization currencies, such as the U.S. dollar and euro, at flexible exchange charges. Many Bitcoin relations also exchange Bitcoin components for other cryptocurrencies, with less popular substitutes that can’t straight be replaced for fiat coins. Most Bitcoin exchanges take a cut, naturally less than 1%, of each deal’s value.
Bitcoin exchanges certify that the Bitcoin market leftovers liquid, set their value qualified to traditional money – and allowing pouches to profit from the assumption on variations in that value.

BlockChain

Bitcoin’s blockchain is dynamic to its function. The blockchain is a public, spread record of all prior Bitcoin communications, which are kept in collections known as blocks. Each node of Bitcoin’s network – the server farms and positions, run by individuals or sets known as miners, whose hard work to produce new Bitcoin elements product in the recording and verification of Bitcoin dealings, and the episodic creation of new blocks – holds an identical record of Bitcoin’s blockchain.
Private Keys
Every Bitcoin handler has at smallest one private key, which is an entire number between 1 and 78 numbers in length. Separate users can have many unnamed handles, each with its private key. Private keys approve their owners’ characters and permit them to occupy or receive Bitcoin. Without them, handlers can’t whole transactions – they can’t access their properties until they improve the matching key. When a key is misplaced for good, the matching holdings change into a sort of everlasting limbo and can’t be improved.

Wallets

Real Bitcoin units are kept in “wallets” – secure cloud storing locations with superior information approving their owners (Bitcoin users) as the protectors of the Bitcoin units controlled within. However wallets like Coinbase, in theory, defend against the stealing of Bitcoin elements that aren’t currently being used, they’re exposed to hacking – mainly public wallets used by Bitcoin connections, online marketplaces, and specific websites that occur exclusively to store Bitcoin wallets known as “wallet services.”
Miners
Miners play an important role in the Bitcoin environment. As guards of the blockchain, they save the entire Bitcoin community truthful and indirectly provide the currency’s value. Miners are entities or cooperative governments with access to influential computers, often kept at remote, secretly owned “farms.” They do incredibly complex scientific tasks to new Bitcoin, which they then keep or change for fiat currency.

Modes of Bitcoin

  • Theft Private Keys.
  • Misusing Wallet Vulnerabilities
  • Functioning Fraudulent Exchanges and Savings Funds.
  • Attacking Authentic Exchanges Directly.
  • Aggressive Dark Web Marketplaces.

How to Get Bitcoin

There are three key ways people get Bitcoins.
  • You can purchase Bitcoins using ‘real’ money.
  • You can retail things and let persons pay with Bitcoins.
  • Developed using a computer.

Advantages of Using Bitcoin

  • Better Fluidity Comparative to Other currencies
  • Increasing the payment method
  • Worldwide Transactions Easier Than Even Currencies
  • Usually Lower Transaction Charges
  • Secrecy and Privacy Relative to Old Currencies
  • Individuality from Politically aware Agents and Creators
  • In-built Shortage

Disadvantages of Using Bitcoin

  • Exposure to Bitcoin-specific Tricks and Fraud
  • Black Market Motion May Damage Repute and Usefulness
  • Vulnerable to High Price Instability
  • No Chargebacks or Repayments
  • Possible to Be Replaced by Greater Cryptocurrency
  • Environmental Ills of Bitcoin Mining
submitted by Satawareus to u/Satawareus [link] [comments]

How we can generate a free $10/per person in under 10 minutes!

Repost without that dorky intro. This is actually a very serious opportunity for us!
Now that I have your attention


There is a well vetted, popular money sharing app called Cash App used by tons of people. My s/o and I use it daily to send our share of groceries, rent, meals, and bills. It's slick to use and free (Also supports bitcoin and cashcards). I genuinely love this app and vastly prefer it to Venmo or Paypal. Just my opinion.

Please note:

Here's the logistics of the free fundraising:

Cash App includes a referral link system where one person can send out a referral link, Yang Gang not currently signed up with the app can use the referral link/code and enter bank info. After completing one successful transaction (minimum $5), each party will get $5 deposited into their Cash App account.

That's a net of $10 free dollars!

I've just tested this with u/TeslaMecca. They can attest how simple and slick this is. This is a huge opportunity for us Gang.

Here are some more details on the logistics:

Again, net of $10 free dollars! Awesome!

The sweet potato about this is that we can elect and vet volunteers to set up a sort of 'referral link hub' where trusted yang gang could sign up to collect funds and max out their individual donor limit, and transfer any remaining funds to the next volunteer. We could do a weekly push to keep maximizing referrals.

More on the referral system:


For the lazy:
"Square Cash App Referral Program Details
You must have the Square Cash App on your mobile device to access the referral program.
Once you have opened the Square Cash App, just visit the “Invite Friends” link, where you can enter your friend’s phone numbers to send them a referral.
When your referrals download the Square Cash App, connect a debit card, and send $5 or more, you will both earn a $5 bonus credit.
It looks like you can refer as many friends as you like, and there is no limit to the amount of $5 referral bonuses that you can earn.
Referrals must be sent via your phone, as you cannot refer people from your online account."
Please note: if you do not have this app, please don’t download/sign up for it unless you have a referral link. It’s worth $10!



I think it's important for me to give a little background on myself before asking you all to trust me with this task. Below is a little about me if you're a skeptic, like myself. I'm taking a leap of faith revealing a LOT about myself and locations, so please be courteous to me and my family. Iowa nice <3.
About me:
My name is Jordan, I'm a normal 28yo guy from Central Iowa who has a similar background to many of you; never been actually involved in the political process until Andrew Yang. Andrew has really showed me that not only can the political process be fun and exciting, but also bring millions of Americans together in the process.
I'm from a small farm town of ~1,400 people. I graduated HS and moved out of state for college. I'd been involved, and in charge of several small-scale philanthropy and fundraising clubs (I'm willing to provide more detail and background for those who are skeptics). After graduation, I worked in several sectors. I've done a bit of marketing, TONS of customer service, retail, food service, management, and finally ended up in the healthcare sector. I'm currently working to help Americans in my state navigate their insurance to get their vital diabetic supplies. I have a s/o that I love to spend time with, as well as our two cats and dog. I'm very close with my family and friends, love to be outside, play video games, build LEGO (when I can afford it). I absolutely love helping people and making a difference (especially when I can SEE that difference!). I'm fortunate enough to be in a position in my life where I can dedicate some time and energy to this campaign that I so passionately believe in (<3 you YG!).
Anywayyyyy... I've been Yangin' since around debate 1 (late June).
Things I've been up to for YangGang:

Shameless plug for textbanking:
I've been textbanking for the past few weeks and I've got to say, it's a pretty great experience. I've had numerous hilarious encounters with fellow Americans while simply volunteering my time and texting. It's really fun. One of my canned introductory texts was met with the following:

Contact: ok boomer
Me: What? lol I'm a millennial? born in 91

Contact: bs, name 3 pokemon

Me: just 3? like from any generation?

The conversation went on to just shooting the spit with a fellow American around my age about pokemon (and a dash of politics). There are countless memorable experiences I've had while volunteering. I'm still currently talking with a contact that started with; "what did the optometrist say to trump after his eye exam?", which after a minute I laughed and understood the punchline. We veered off the political discussion and now we are talking about our favorite comedians and shows we have seen live.

I'm strongly encouraging anyone with free time to get signed up and send a few texts out. It takes about an hour or so to get signed up, but once you get going, it takes a few seconds to get signed in and sending texts and making a difference. My favorite thing BY FAR about this is you can actually see the difference you are making. Sure, you're going to get a few people telling you to fuck off, yell at you to opt them out, or ask tough questions that you're not sure how to answer. BUT, you will have the ability to answer meaningful questions to genuinely curious Americans about this candidate that we are so passionately pushing to the highest office in our land. The banking community is extremely welcoming and helpful. Please consider donating your time and energy to this. It's a great way to contribute, especially when I can't afford to donate.
Here is the To-Do List for signing up. Let me know if you need help, I'm passionate about this campaign and will take time to walk volunteers through.



Whew, that was a long post! Took me a few hours between cleaning/laundry. I hope you all can see what I'm seeing for this opportunity.
-I worked really damn hard on this, please upvote and share for visibility friends-

TL;DR: Let's secure the fucking bag, YangGang!

Dog Bless,

~Jordan
submitted by jorjorbiinks to YangForPresidentHQ [link] [comments]

Jews have real life time machine(s) and they want me to think that particle accelerators are actually time machines.

Previous post was deleted by a mod because of rule 4. To give me the impression that not everyone on the internet know who I am perhaps? Well it's not gonna work. The mods here even want me to know that they know who I am which is why the new mod account OB1_kenobi. Anyway re-posting with possibly threatening language removed and some other changes/additions. 🤷🏻‍♂️
All jews know who I am in real life and are "watching" me Truman Show style not just in the present but also in the future. How cool is that? They want me to think that particle accelerators are actually time machines. There is even a documentary called "The World's First Time Machine" suggesting that all they can do with their time machines is receive messages from the future (https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0867212/). As shown in a South Park episode also. They had phones that could be used to call people in the past but they were meant for prank calls only. 🤣
By now I already think that the internet is just AOL. A = me (aMErica?); Me = Satan; "Satan Online" (I am Satan apparently 🤣). So everyone on the internet already know about the existence of time machine(s) and other advanced tech. Also noticed that country names may be fake so everyone in the world may indeed know who I am in real life. But posting this just in case jews also have mass "neuralization" tech as shown at the end of the movie Men In Black 2. Or like that Steve Carell movie (Date Night) where his character gave money to scammers saying that he knew they were scammers but was giving them money anyway, just in case they were not.
The jews may have seen that the "end is nigh" with their time machine(s) and instead of "repenting" they came up with the "Q psyop" to try and save their jew world. 🤣 And it seems like a generational psyop at this point because they even used their time machine(s) in the Charlie Chaplin movie "Modern Times" (see, it even has "time" in it 🤣).
The jews have been "showing off" their time machine(s) to me using their jew media. It seems to me now that ALL media is jew media. TV shows, movies, music, video games, news, books, etc. And it's not just hollywood but also bollywood, tollywood, rollywood and whatever other "woods" there are. They all know who I am in real life apparently. Combined with their remote mind surveillance/control tech (or whatever it is they call it) they can make it seem like the actors in TV shows or movies know what I am thinking/doing while watching a particular scene (sometimes even if I am within earshot). And now that I know, I can even make fun of the actors just by thinking. I also tried looking up some of their death days (in case of old actors in old movies) and letting them know when they are gonna die but they have put up fake death days and causes of death on sites like imdb and wikipedia, and in some cases not mentioning death days at all. For example, when I was a kid I heard that Charlie Chaplin was apparently choked to death by his fellow actors and everyone thought they were acting, whereas in Charlie Chaplin's wikipedia entry it says that he died in his sleep. 🤷🏻‍♂️ I also managed to show some of them what they would look like in the future (jewesses mostly 😁) because of which they even made it difficult to find newer photos of them in imdb or not posting photos at all. 🤣
Oh yes, the jews can look up their actual death days using their time machine(s) but don't because it may be a "Brave Jew World" but it's not that brave. 🤣 Was also reminded of the website deathclock.com and noticed they used their time machine(s) to leave messages for me (the emails sent to the "owner" of the website and his replies were actually meant for me). And whatever happened to stickdeath.com? 🤣 I am guessing the emails posted on that site and the owner's replies were also meant for me. Since they have time machine(s), they know which websites I will be visiting and when, and can leave messages meant for me beforehand on comment sections, forums, etc.
They are also showing off their time machine(s) using video games like GTA V. For example I replayed the "Repossession" mission (https://gta.fandom.com/wiki/Repossession) just after buying a motorcycle last year. The motorcycle just so happens to be a TVS Apache (https://tvsmotor.com) and one of the characters mentions having "Apache" blood. Not sure if the jews wanted me to buy the motorcycle or not but I believe they most likely wanted me to buy the TVS NtorQ (it had bluetooth and everything 🤣). Now that I have already purchased the Apache, they have added bluetooth and electronic fuel injection to the 2020 model and I am stuck with no bluetooth and a carburetor instead. 😒 They also have a scooter called Jupiter (not Saturn 🤣).
Also realized that I am supposed to be the crazy frog (the most annoying thing in the world; Satan is also supposed to be pepe the frog 🤷🏻‍♂️) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k85mRPqvMbE (as foretold by jews 🤣)
When playing Assassin's Creed I noticed the message when the game is launched claiming that the game was "made by a mulitcultural team of various religious faiths and beliefs" and found it odd at the time. Now I realize it's because the game was actually made by a "multicultural" team of jews. Didn't pay much attention to the story but I am sure they used their time machine(s) on that game also. And when playing Forza Horizon 4 recently, they "gifted" me with a "Santa" outfit trying to hint that they know who I am and that Satan is also supposed to be Santa. That's why there was that movie "Bad Santa" I am guessing. 🤣
The first time I thought someone out there definitely has time machines is when I was watching the "Timeless" episode of "Star Trek: Voyager" (https://memory-alpha.fandom.com/wiki/Timeless_(episode) ). I was having salami sandwiches during the following scene and it was technically "lunch".
"Shield Generators?" "Online." "Plasma flow?" "Stable." "Comm. link?" "Secure." "Lunch?" "(pause) Salami sandwiches."
  • Harry Kim and Chakotay, just before entering the slipstream in the Delta Flyer
This happened either in 2016 or 2017 whereas the episode was apparently made in 1998. Didn't even notice the name of the episode at the time and only noticed when I looked it up again and posted about it on the 8chan "qresearch" board. I also thought of the possiblity that I am living in a simulation or something and that the episode was being "generated" or "rendered" live but that was not the case since I later noticed that such things happened even in TV shows that I had already watched before and remembered watching. For example, cartoons like Swat Kats (9/11 is just fake news meant for Satan; same goes for 26/11 I am guessing but Satan didn't pay much attention to it but did theorize that the US was responsible for that also 🤣) and Dexter's Laboratory.
Anyway, only after watching the entire first season of "Quantum Leap" and a few episodes of the second season (there is an episode where the main character says "oy vey, I am the rabbi") did I realize that it's none other than the jews who have time machine(s). I posted about jews having time machine(s) on 8chan for a while and then stopped posting since I had come to the conclusion that everyone already knew since I had been remembering past events and even in real life people (I believe they are jews) were providing hints that they already know about time machine(s) and that they can "see" me. For example even when I am out riding my motorcycle, they bring cars and other vehicles in front of me with license plates like "1CQ" (I see Q?), "14CQ" (I foresee Q?), 12CQ (I too see Q?), etc. Satan is "Q" apparently. The "Q" from LGBTQ (I think it's supposed to be a replacement for P 😐). Yesterday there was a car with a "1AM" license plate and I correctly guessed that they may have seen me stay up till 1 am because of this post. 🤷🏻‍♂️
I believe Satan is also supposed to be "L", "G", "B", and "T". For example, they have a Satan/devil character in South Park but have also been making fun of me using Mr. Garrison (they also use other characters to make fun of me). He was supposed to be gay, but later becomes a "tranny" and also a "lesbian", and then becomes a man again. 🤣 Even when they were making fun of Trump using Mr. Garrison, they were actually making fun of Satan. 🤣 I only thought "cancel south park" because I thought they were making fun of Trump whereas they and even Trump were making fun of Satan. 🤣 Satan still wants South Park cancelled (that's why "tegridy farms" in the latest season I am guessing). Same goes for "The Simpsons" and "Family Guy". They did cancel "Family Guy" once, didn't they? Probably because they knew Satan would want it cancelled in the future because they were being anti-Trump. Satan wanted Trump to win but turns out he is just an actor and that it's a jewess run jew world. That's why they are unwilling to even put out fake news about Hillary being sent to jail (real Satan wants Hillary in jail). 🤣
Time machine(s) are also being used to produce the cartoon Teen Titans Go. Was thinking about pirating the show after finding it pretty funny despite the fact that they were making fun of me and this episode was airing at the time - https://teen-titans-go.fandom.com/wiki/BL4Z3 .
There is also this episode called "Quantum Fun" - https://teen-titans-go.fandom.com/wiki/Quantum_Fun .
It's a sad, rainy day outside in Jump City, and Robin's in a similarly depressing mood. Not bothering to get dressed, he merely wears his bath robe wit a defeated look on his face. The other Titans, noticing that Robin's looking out his temporary sadness curtain again, wonder what's got him down. He explains his worries about their lives not being real—that it's all just a computer simulation. Raven slaps him in anger for bringing this nonsense up again, and the other berate him for watching The Matrix again.
Since time machine(s) exist it's definitely possible that I am living in a simulation. 😢 Santa is also shown in the cartoon, by the way. 🤣
Song from the show making fun of Satan - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvgYOIHtWDA (pyramid scheme money = Bitcoin!)
Anyway, since the jews have time machine(s) I believe now that all religions have been made up by them. Because Satan is also supposed to be Jesus, Shiva, Hanuman, etc. 🤣 They want me to think that particle accelerators are actually time machines and even have a Shiva statue at CERN ("gifted" by "desi" jews 🤣). That's why they were also posting about it on /conspiracy I believe. Like voat (goat), /conspiracy was also made for Satan I am guessing because Satan is a conspiracy nut. After reading fake news about bird flu, swine flu, etc. he thought perhaps some organization like PETA was genetically engineering them. But it turns out jews are "unofficial" cannibals so why would they care about other jews eating animals? Oh, and I believe voat was made so that Satan could "have his say" but someone banned one of Satan's voat accounts because they didn't like what Satan was saying. 🤣
Jews are hiding as Christians (forgot to add it previously 🤣), Hindus, Muslims (not a good disguise 🤣), Sikhs, Buddhists, Scientologists, Satanists (they are actually anti-Satan 🤣), etc. I had noticed people in this region (fake country since it's a jew world; and fake name based on Satan's real life name) with odd looking noses before but didn't know at the time that they were supposed to be jew noses (they are "desi" jews 🤣). I noticed that some of them are using the coronavirus fake news as an excuse to hide their jew noses with masks (that's the theory anyway). I now assume that everyone with any genetic defects whatsoever (like male pattern baldness) are also jews. But I also believe that it's possible that everyone at this point are jews/have jewish ancestry. Pure blood jews (they have the most genetic defects), half blood jews or mud blood jews (Harry Potter terminology). Satan is also supposed to be Harry Potter apparently (lightning shaped scar; mark of the beast 🤣; half blood?). But it's also possible that "goyim" still exist and the jews have simply told them something like "oy vey, goyim, trust the plan, we are trying to save the jew world--I mean world, from Satan". Who knows (they do), maybe things are going according to their "plan". Maybe Satan buying that motorcycle was part of the "plan" all along. 🤷🏻‍♂️
Of course, if everybody knows who I am, then there is also the possibility that I have thought about before that you are all NPCs and I am the only one real living in a completely fake world. That's why there were all those "NPC" memes and fake news about them being "dehumanizing". 🤣 Jews are just acting like the actors in Truman Show (the ones that were pretending to be his friends and family), they are definitely not NPCs even though they have been behaving like NPCs when around Satan. Anyway, I have to wait for "real time" to tell me what's what. "Fake time" (opposite of real time? 🤣) has already told the jews (or whoevewhatever they are) what's going to happen in the future and may have also mind fucked them in the process. 🤣
Anyway, the jews have time machine(s) and therefore other advanced tech (like remote mind surveillance/control tech), they know what's going to happen in the future and may have seen the end of their jew world and think/know that "Satan" is reponsible somehow and apparently I am "Satan". I even remember reading fake news about Trump winning and end times "prophecies" coming true on an "Israeli" (also fake name? Israel is not "real"?) news site.
Of course, I have no memories of being "Satan" or whatever so it's possible the jews did something to wipe my "satanic" memories which may also be the reason that I am somewhat retarded (I even had a "I am retarded?" moment like in the Quantum Leap episode "Jimmy") which the jews like to describe as autism, ass burgers, etc. 🤣 But since they have been reading my thoughts and watching me all these years (with "eye phones" as shown in that Futurama episode?), there may have been coincidences from my side because of which they may have thought that Satan is only pretending to be retarded and knows who he is. Perhaps they were not coincidences. I don't know (मैंने कुछ नहीं पता 🤣). But maybe the jews do because they have REAL LIFE TIME MACHINE(S). ¯_(ツ)_/¯
Last time I am posting. Won't be posting again if deleted. 🤷🏻‍♂️
submitted by rcspy to conspiracy [link] [comments]

About Mister Stubbs

I'm making this post to elaborate on my long-term vision for a proposed enclave for /Enclaves/:
An organized network of defensible self-sufficient Agrihoods. If I have any input on how they're built, I think they should be built as polygonal forts using buried or camouflaged Hesco bastions, Bremer Walls. The fortifications can be disguised as architectural elements, while moveable, fortified observation towers can be stored for emergency use.
Preferred form of government:
Legal and transparent, Quaker-based Consensus decision making plus an armed "neighborhood watch" with American Military Structure/Ranking system basic infantry training. Each household must have at least one AR-15 or M-16 standardized (and legal) rifle with any legal barrel length. My preference as an American veteran is for the AR-15 to be the standard rifle, with 7.62×51mm NATO ammunition. The idea is to be able to share ammunition, training, knowledge, and tools.
Your preferred form of economic system:
Each resident of the Agrihood would buy membership and be a part-owner in the neighborhoods farming cooperative. Each member would be expected to pay an initial membership fee and then also to work a certain number of hours per month. People unable to work would be accomodated, and members of the cooperative can also invest more money in the cooperative in the form of crowd funded loans for capital equipment and other large purchases. As far as transactions between members, Barter, Gold/Silver and Copper , Bitcoin/Cryptocoins & any convenient fiat currency would be encouraged. Transactions are conducted between individuals, so both parties have to mutually agree on the form of payment beforehand. I also want to specify that there not be any "Home Owner Association" because they can be hijacked and used to exclude people.
Your preferred level of technological development:
I'd like to promote a basic Amish/1890's level of technology supplemented with solawind and modern technology on top of it. The goal is that each home should be fully functional in case of an EMP, systemic disruption, or disaster.
The resources you bring to the table:
Military training (Medic), herbalism.
The resources you hope for from others:
Emphasis on military training, medical training, construction/engineering and traditional farming or gardening skills.
An outline of your personality as you see it:
Pragmatist.
An outline of your personality as (you've been told that) others see it.
"Intense, geeky dick." and "Fucking irritating devils' advocate" are my favorites.
Your perspective on what may be contentious topics, e.g. gun ownership, meat-eating, etc.
Defensive training requirements, membership standards.
Whether you have served in any branch of the armed forces of any nation.
US Army National Guard, 7 years. I also grew up as an "Army Brat".
Whether you have a background working in law enforcement:
Nope.
Clearly delineate the difference between your preferences and your hard limits:
Tolerant of the religious views, lifestyle choices and sexual preferences of others but I draw the line at all of these things when others try to push their views on me or assume that I support what they're doing. There's a difference between tolerance and support. I don't care what you do or how you live your life, I will support you if you're attacked for it, but - and I feel strongly about this -just keep it to yourself and leave me the fuck alone to do what I want.
My plan:
7/2020: I'm saving money, learning to garden, getting back in shape, maximizing my credit rating, changing careers so I can work remotely, and shopping for land on the east coast. If I get lucky and find an affordable and small property suitable for homesteading in 2020 then I'm pulling the trigger, but a more realistic plan is to relocate at the end of 2021. If it looks obvious to me that the pandemic isn't going to lead to economic collapse then I might be able to hold out and purchase about 60-100 acres in Vermont by the end of 2022.
submitted by mister_stubbs to u/mister_stubbs [link] [comments]

The Dark Side Of Apple

Why you should not use Apple
Censorship
Spying
Worker abuse
Tax avoidance
Right to Repair Phones
Miscellaneous
submitted by Lukun7 to AeterneLabs [link] [comments]

IQ stock broker is a Forex & bitcoin Company in USA Founded in 2012 by a team of highly motivated professionals who are very passionate about trading on the world’s financial market, and are keen on empowering

Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, forex, make money, online trade, stock exchange
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This makes it easy to trade from anywhere… at any time. You don’t need to have any previous trading experience to get going. It is as easy as 1-2-3. The interface is remarkably user friendly. We have worked hard to ensure processes are fast and intuitive. Using our platform, customers can trade on options such as currencies, indices, stocks and commodities round the clock. We provide the most flexible pricing and the most suitable options on the market among all the Forex & Bitcoin companies in USA. Our objective is to make the trading process as simple and profitable as possible for all level of trader. Our team consists experienced professionals with backgrounds in binary trading, derivatives, risk management, payment processing as well as international laws and legislation. Contact us for Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, forex, make money, online trade, stock exchange. IQ stock broker is listed in American Stock Exchange.
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submitted by IQstockbroker to u/IQstockbroker [link] [comments]

DAY 3: How we can generate a free $10/per person in under 10 minutes!

I'm going to pull a page from u/arijit1188 's Yangbook and post this every day until we get the necessary traction to get this going!

This is actually a very serious opportunity for us!

Now that I have your attention:





There is a well vetted, popular money sharing app called [Cash App](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cash_App) used by tons of people. My s/o and I use it daily to send our share of groceries, rent, meals, and bills. It's slick to use and free (Also supports bitcoin and cashcards). I genuinely love this app and vastly prefer it to Venmo or Paypal. Just my opinion.


Please note:



Here's the logistics of the free fundraising:

Cash App includes a referral link system where one person can send out a referral link, Yang Gang not currently signed up with the app can use the referral link/code and enter bank info. After completing one successful transaction (minimum $5), each party will get $5 deposited into their Cash App account.

That's a net of $10 free dollars!

I've just tested this with u/TeslaMecca. They can attest how simple and slick this is. This is a huge opportunity for us Gang.


Here are some more details on the logistics:



Again, net of $10 free dollars! Awesome!

The sweet potato about this is that we can elect and vet volunteers to set up a sort of 'referral link hub' where trusted yang gang could sign up to collect funds and max out their individual donor limit, and transfer any remaining funds to the next volunteer. We could do a weekly push to keep maximizing referrals.

More on the referral system:


For the lazy:
"Square Cash App Referral Program Details
\You must have the Square Cash App on your mobile device to access the referral program.*
Once you have opened the Square Cash App, just visit the “Invite Friends” link, where you can enter your friend’s phone numbers to send them a referral.
When your referrals download the Square Cash App, connect a debit card, and send $5 or more, you will both earn a $5 bonus credit.
It looks like you can refer as many friends as you like, and there is no limit to the amount of $5 referral bonuses that you can earn.
Referrals must be sent via your phone, as you cannot refer people from your online account."

Please note: if you do not have this app, please don’t download/sign up for it unless you have a referral link. It’s worth $10!



About me:

My name is Jordan, I'm a normal 28yo guy from Central Iowa who has a similar background to many of you; never been actually involved in the political process until Andrew Yang. Andrew has really showed me that not only can the political process be fun and exciting, but also bring millions of Americans together in the process.

I'm from a small farm town of \~1,400 people. I graduated HS and moved out of state for college. I'd been involved, and in charge of several small-scale philanthropy and fundraising clubs (*I'm willing to provide more detail and background for those who are skeptics*). After graduation, I worked in several sectors. I've done a bit of marketing, TONS of customer service, retail, food service, management, and finally ended up in the healthcare sector. I'm currently working to help Americans in my state navigate their insurance to get their vital diabetic supplies. I have a s/o that I love to spend time with, as well as our two cats and dog. I'm very close with my family and friends, love to be outside, play video games, build LEGO (when I can afford it). I absolutely love helping people and making a difference (especially when I can SEE that difference!). I'm fortunate enough to be in a position in my life where I can dedicate some time and energy to this campaign that I so passionately believe in (<3 you YG!).

Anywayyyyy... I've been Yangin' since around debate 1 (late June).

Things I've been up to for YangGang:




Shameless plug for textbanking:

I've been textbanking for the past few weeks and I've got to say, it's a pretty great experience. I've had numerous hilarious encounters with fellow Americans while simply volunteering my time and texting. It's really fun. One of my canned introductory texts was met with the following:



Contact: ok boomer

Me: What? lol I'm a millennial? born in 91

Contact: bs, name 3 pokemon

Me: just 3? like from any generation?

The conversation went on to just shooting the spit with a fellow American around my age about pokemon (and a dash of politics). There are countless memorable experiences I've had while volunteering. I'm still currently talking with a contact that started with; "what did the optometrist say to trump after his eye exam?", which after a minute I laughed and understood the punchline. We veered off the political discussion and now we are talking about our favorite comedians and shows we have seen live.

I'm strongly encouraging anyone with free time to get signed up and send a few texts out. It takes about an hour or so to get signed up, but once you get going, it takes a few seconds to get signed in and sending texts and making a difference. My favorite thing BY FAR about this is you can actually see the difference you are making. Sure, you're going to get a few people telling you to fuck off, yell at you to opt them out, or ask tough questions that you're not sure how to answer. BUT, you will have the ability to answer meaningful questions to genuinely curious Americans about this candidate that we are so passionately pushing to the highest office in our land. The banking community is extremely welcoming and helpful. Please consider donating your time and energy to this. It's a great way to contribute, especially when I can't afford to donate.

[Here](https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Eao47ri3BLlzWarmTOpBndA_zCVVpzlm0oW6gKSCIKo/edit) is the To-Do List for signing up. Let me know if you need help, I'm passionate about this campaign and will take time to walk volunteers through.

Whew, that was a long post! Took me a few hours between cleaning/laundry. I hope you all can see what I'm seeing for this opportunity.

-I worked really damn hard on this, please upvote and share for visibility friends-

TL;DR: Let's secure the fucking bag, YangGang!


Dog Bless,
~Jordan
submitted by jorjorbiinks to YangForPresidentHQ [link] [comments]

Pitfalls of Granger Causality

Original post from blog.projectpiglet.com. However, because there is promotional activity, a text post was more appropriate, thank you Mod's for working with me.

Pitfalls of Granger Causality

One of the most common forms of analysis on the stock market is Granger Causality, which is a method for indicating one signal possibly causes another signal. This type of causality is often called “predictive causality”, as it does not for certain determine causality – it simply determines correlations at various time intervals.
Why Granger Causality? If you search “causality in the stock market“, you’ll be greeted with a list of links all mentioning “granger causality”:
Search on DuckDuckGo
In other words, it’s popular and Clive Granger won a Nobel on the matter[1]. That being said, there are quite a few limitations. In this article, we’ll be covering a brief example of Granger Causality, as well as some of the common pitfalls and how brittle it can be.

What is Granger Causality?

Granger Causality (from Wikipedia) is defined as:
A time series X is said to Granger-cause Y if it can be shown, usually through a series of t-tests and F-tests on lagged values of X (and with lagged values of Y also included), that those X values provide statistically significant information about future values of Y.
In other words, Granger Causality is the analysis of trying to find out if one signal impacts another signal (such that it’s statistically significant). Pretty straightforward, and is even clearer with an image:
From Wikipedia
n a sense, it’s just one spike in a graph causing another spike at a later time. The real challenge with this is that this needs to be consistent. It has to repeatedly do this over the source of the entire dataset. This brings us to the next part: one of the fragile aspects of this method is that it often doesn’t account for seasonality.

Granger Causality and Seasonality

One common aspect of markets is that they are seasonal. Commodities (as it relates to the futures market) related to food are extremely impacted by seasonality[2]. For instance, if there is a drought across Illinois and Indiana during the summer (killing the corn crop), then corn prices from Iowa would likely rise (i.e. the corn from Iowa would be worth more).
From Wikipedia
In the example, there may be decades where some pattern in the market holds and Granger Causality is relevant. For instance, during summer heat waves in Illinois, corn prices in Iowa increase. On the other hand, with the advent of irrigation methods that deliver water underground, heat waves may no longer impact crops[3]. Thus, the causality of heat waves in Illinois may no longer impact the corn prices in Iowa.
If we then attempt to search for Granger Causality on the entire time range (a) pre-irrigation and (b) post irrigation, we will find there is no causality!
However, during the pre-irrigation time range we will find probable causality, and for post-irrigation time range we likely won’t find probable causality. Any time you combine two timeframes like this, the default is no Granger Causality (unless it’s a very small portion of the dataset). Bringing us to the conclusion, that:
Granger Causality is very sensitive to timeframe(s)
Just a few data points in either direction can break the analysis. This makes sense, as it is a way to evaluate if two time series are related. However, it does lead one to note how brittle this method can be.

Granger Causality and Sparse Datasets

Yet another potential issue with Granger Causality is sparse datasets. Let’s say we have dataset X and dataset Y: if dataset X has 200 data points and data set Y as 150 data points, how do you merge them? Assuming they are in (datetime, value) format, if we do an inner join on “datetime”, we get something that looks like the following:
From W3School
Then we will have 150 data points in a combined X and Y dataset, i.e.: (datetime, x, y). Unforunately, this also means if the data is continuous (as most timeseries data is), then we have completely broke our Granger Causality analysis. In other words, we are just skipping over days, which would break any causality analysis.
In contrast, we could do an outer join:
From W3School
We will have 200 data points in a combined X and Y dataset. Again, there’s an issue – it means we probably have empty values (Null, NULL, None, NaN, etc. ) where the Y data set didn’t have data (recall Y only had 150 data points). The dataset would then have various entries that look as such: (datetime, x, NULL).
To fix the empty values, we can attempt to use a forward or back fill technique. A forward/back fill technique is where you fill all the empty values with the previous or following location(s) real value.
This code could look like the following:
From blog.projectpiglet.com
From the sound of it, this method sounds promising! You’ll end up with something that’s continuous with all real values. You’ll actually get a graph like this:
Change in BCH price vs Random Walk (with NaNs)
As you can see, there are large sections of time where the data is flat. Recall the seasonality issue with Granger Causality? This method of outer joins + forward / back filling will definitely cause issues, and lead to minimal to no meaningful correlations.
Sparse datasets make it very difficult (or impossible) to identify probable causality.

Granger Causality and Resampling

There is another option for us, and that is “resampling”. Where instead of just filling the empty values (Nulls / NaNs) with the previous or following real values, we actually resample the whole series). Resampling is a technique where we fill the holes in the data with what amounts to a guess of what we think the data could be.
Although there are quite a few techniques, in this example we’ll use the python package Scipy, with the Signal module.
From blog.projectpiglet.com
At first glance, this appears to have solved some of the issues:
Change in Bitcoin Price vs Random Walk
However, in reality it does not work; especially if the dataset starts or ends with NaN’s (at least when using the Scipy package):
Change in BCH price vs Random Walk (with NaNs)
If you notice, prior to the ~110 data point, the values are just oscillating up and down. The resampling method Scipy is using does not appear to be functional / practical with so few data points. This is because I selected data set for Bitcoin Cash (BCH) and the date range is prior to Bitcoin Cash (BCH) becoming a currency (i.e. there is no price information).
In a sense, this indicates it’s not possible (at least given the data provided) to attempt Granger Causality on the given date ranges. Small gaps in time can have dramatic impacts on whether or not “probable causality” exists.
When determining Granger Causaily it is extremely important to have two complete overlapping datasets.
Without two complete datasets, it’s impossible to identify whether or not there are correlations over various time ranges.
Resampling can cause artifacts that impact the Granger Causality method(s).
In fact, the most recent example was actually positive for Granger Causality (p-value < 0.05)… That is the worst scenario, as it is a false positive. In the example, the false positive occurs because when both datasets are resampled they had a matching oscillation… it wouldn’t have even been noticed if the raw data sets weren’t being reviewed.
This is probably the largest issue with Granger Causality: every dataset needs to be reviewed to see if it makes sense. Sometimes what at first appears to make sense, in reality the underlying data has been altered in some way (such as resampling).

Granger Causality and Non-Linear Regression

Changing gears a bit (before we get to a real-world ProjectPiglet.com example), it’s important to note that most Granger Causality uses linear regression. In other words, the method is searching for linear correlations between datasets:
From austingwalters.com
However, in many cases – especially in the case of markets – correlations are highly likely to be non-linear. This is because markets are anti-inductive[5]. In other words, every pattern discovered in a market creates a new pattern as people exploit that inefficiency. This is called the Efficient Market Hypothesis.
Ultimately, this means most implementations of Granger Causality are overly simplistic; as most correlations are certainly non-linear in nature. There are a large number of non-linear regression models, below is an example of Gaussian Process Regression:
From Wikipedia
Similar, non-linear regression techniques do appear to improve Granger Causality[6]. This is probably due to most linear correlations already being priced into the market and the non-linear correlations will be where the potential profits are. It remains to be seen how effective this can be, as most research in this area is kept private (increasing profits of trading firms). What we can say is that non-linear methods do improve predictions on ProjectPiglet.com. They also require a larger dataset than their linear regression counterparts.

Conclusion

Overall, Granger Causality has quite a few potential pitfalls. It is useful for indicating a potential correlation, but is only a probable correlation. It can help to identify market inefficiencies and open the opportunity to make money, but will probably require more finesse than simple linear regression.
All that being said, hope you’ve found some of the insights useful!
submitted by austingwalters to algotrading [link] [comments]

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How cryptocurrency mining is dividing one small town

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