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[Table] IAmA dark web expert, investigative journalist and true crime author. I’ve met dark web kingpins in far flung prisons and delved the murky depths of child predator forums. I’ve written six books and over a dozen Casefile podcast episodes. AMA (part 2/2)

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Around here nobody talks about the argument that increased regulation of the internet would help stop child predators. Is that true, and if so where do you fall on the Net Neutrality vs law enforcement spectrum? No I don't think that's true at all. Child predators have been around much longer than the internet, and I would argue child abuse was more prevalent 50+ years ago when children were seen and not heard and it wasn't talked about. The dark web hasn't created more predators, it has just given them a new place to gather and hang out.
The one thing I found really interesting when I was lurking the forums of the child predators was their frustration about how children are now taught from a very young age that certain touching and acts are wrong and that they shouldn't keep certain secrets. It came up over and over again that they could not abuse certain children because they knew those children had someone they would tell. It was pretty clear that education was a child's best defence against getting abused.
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That's so interesting, thanks for the AMA! Can you remember any other thing that a child could do in order to protect himself from being abused? What other characteristics do the abusers hate in potential victims? That seems to be the main one. Kids who speak up and who have close relationships with one or more people they are likely to confide in
What do folks talk about in the child predator forums? Do they like give each other advice on how to improve their craft? Yes, quite literally. The give each other tips on how not to get caught, how to edit out incriminating details in videos, how to drug children, techniques for convincing kids not to tell etc
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Given your insight into how predators operate, do you have any advice for parents on protecting their kids? I'll cut'n'paste a response i gave to someone else about this, because it was something that really stuck out to me:
The one thing I found really interesting when I was lurking the forums of the child predators was their frustration about how children are now taught from a very young age that certain touching and acts are wrong and that they shouldn't keep certain secrets. It came up over and over again that they could not abuse certain children because they knew those children had someone they would tell. It was pretty clear that education was a child's best defence against getting abused. Kids who speak up and who have close relationships with one or more people they are likely to confide in
Has the exponential increase in Bitcoin value affected darknet dealers in any profound way? I can imagine that some drug dealers were sitting on quite a large sum of Bitcoin when the value shot up. Crypto purists hate to admit it, but bitcoin would not be where it is today without Silk Road. It was sitting at less than a dollar when Silk Road began and the markets showed a robust use case for cryptocurrency and as the markets grew, so did the demand for bitcoin. It also provided real-life use data for those who were not interested in drugs but who weren't sure if it had practical application. When SR went down, Bitcoin was at about $650 and it continued to grow as adoption became more mainstream. There are many many stories of drug dealers (and at least one faux-hitman!) who gained most of their wealth not by selling the drugs, but by the growth in value of their bitcoin holdings
Since you have a lot of experience with them online. Do you think pedophiles(not child abusers) should be treated as criminals, or as people suffering from a mental illness? Contact offenders should be treated as criminals, because they are criminals. They have abused or hurt someone. Same with those who support the creation and dissemination of child abuse materials.
Pedophiles who do not act on their urges should be given as much help as humanly possible.
Are there any mysterious or suspicious pages or communities that you haven’t been able to access? Anything that seems especially weird? there are a lot of Russian communities that I can't access, mostly because I don't speak Russian. Some of the more technical hacking communities have entry barriers that I'm not technical enough to score an invite to
How much these bad people really exist out there? Hundreds? Thousands? More? It depends what you mean by bad. If you mean people who use the dark web to buy drugs (who I do not consider bad) then there are many many thousands. There are also thousands of people who deal in stolen information to make money.
Unfortunately there are also thousands of child predators and the dark web has provided a "safe space" for them to come together to share materials and "tips". I hope this is where most of the resources of law enforcement are concentrated
Ehy mine is a rare question: what do you know about art on dark web? I'm talking about the black market made of stolen important pieces from museums, art used as value to money laundry and other criminal affairs I'm an artist and what I know is people don't think too much about the dark side of art and probably they need to open their eyes about I really haven't come across much in the way of that. Some of the markets have an "art" section, but that is mostly blotter art
How accurate are the legends? Any legends in particular? For a lowdown copied from a post I made in another forum:
1Red Rooms  The one that is most persistent is the myth of the "Red Room" - live streaming of torture/rape that ends in the murder of the victim and which people can pay to watch, or even bid to type in commands for the torturer to carry out (highest bid wins!). The most famous was the “ISIS Red Room” pictured above, where people could provide instructions to torture captured terrorists - you can read what happened here.
People have this idea of Hostel with webcams exist all over the dark web, but you just need an invite to get into them. It's ridiculous. They don't exist. They certainly wouldn't exist on Tor. But people are desperate to believe and they always come back with "You can't prove they don't exist, people are crazy, therefore they must exist." Picture my eyes rolling here.
2.Hitman sites
I don't think many people are taken in by the hitmen sites anymore, though the press loves playing up the fact that there are sites offering up hitman services. But every single one of them has turned out to be a scam, especially Besa Mafia, the one that did the most marketing. Again, you can read about it at the same link as above.
3.Exotic animals  People are always asking where they can find markets for exotic animals. Obviously the illegal trade in exotic animals exists, and some communications and transactions may well take place over Tor, but there are no markets like the drug markets where you can go and look at a picture and then put a tiger or ocelot or something into your basket and buy it with bitcoin.
SO WHAT DOES HAPPEN ON THE DARK WEB?
1.People buy and sell drugs.
The drug markets are more busy than ever. You have probably heard of Silk Road, the most famous online drug market that got busted a few years ago and the owner sent to prison for two consecutive life terms? A lot of people thought that was the end of drugs being sold on the dark web. In fact, dark web sales of drugs have tripled since the shutdown of Silk Road.
The reason people buy drugs this way is that for many they offer a safer alternative for people who are going to do drugs anyway. There is no possibility of any violence. The vast majority of the time a buyer knows exactly what they are getting, because of the feedback and rating system. That's not the case in a nightclub, or even friends-of-friends, where you just blindly accept that the pill, powder or tab is what the seller says it is.
2.People buy and sell other illegal things
Mostly they buy and sell stolen credit cards and financial information, fake IDs (though lots of these are scams), personal information, “dumps” of hacked data and fraud-related items. For a long time, a seller was making a fortune selling fake discount coupons that really worked.
3.People access and create childporn  Unlike the other markets, the CP market is generally not for money, but rather they are groups who swap vile images and videos for free. The worst of the worst is called “hurtcore’. Thankfully, most of the people behind the worst sites have been arrested and put in jail.
4.People talk about stuff
There are plenty of sites, forums and chatrooms where people talk about all sorts of things - conspiracies, aliens, weird stuff. They take advantage of the anonymity.
5.People anonymously release information
Whistleblowers use the dark web to release information and make sure their identities won't be compromised. You will find Wikileaks, for example, on the dark web.
6.People surf the web anonymously
The number 1 thing people use the dark web for is just to surf the web completely anonymously. Not everybody wants to be tracked by advertisers.
I have a question: what are the odds of the casual Darkweb drug buyer - not buying mega loads all the time - the occasional purchase - what are the risks of being busted? Kinda figuring pretty low. But you’re the expert. What do you think? Obviously there is always a risk, but the risk is very low. It is rare for personal amounts to be seized. Even if a package is seized, there's usually no resources to follow it up. Many people report simply receiving a letter from Customs saying they have seized what they believe is contraband and the person has a choice of going to claim it or it will be destroyed. Even if LE does knock on the door there is plausible deniability: "I don't know who sent that stuff to me".
So yeah, rare, but it does happen. You might be the unlucky one
How do you find things on the dark web without search engines? There are a lot of entry sites, set up with links to the most popular places. You can generally get a link to one of them by browsing places like reddit. From there it is a matter of checking out different places, people will put links in forums etc.
I also use a Pastebin where people paste sites they have made/found, and a Fresh Onion site, which crawls all the newly-populated .onion addresses
Hi. there!! Thank you for answering questions. Mine is very simple. How do sellers get the drugs to people? Regular mail? That's always puzzled me bc I'd assume USPS, UPS, fedEx or any other mail carrier would catch at least some goods. If people are ordering drugs, particularly in powder form, for personal use, they can be flattened, sealed in MBB (moisture barrier baggies) and sent in a regular business envelope, indistinguishable from billions of other envelopes going through the postal system every day. The chances of a particular package being intercepted is very low.
Some people take the extra precaution of having the person taking delivery of the drugs different to the person/household that is ordering them.
How did you move from being a corporate lawyer to researching and writing about dark web? I was in London, working for one of the most conservative law firms in the world when the Global Financial Crisis hit. I liked the job but it struck me when people were losing their livelihoods that I was working for the bad guys. I'd always wanted to be a writer so when I came back to Australia I quit law and enrolled in a writing course planning to be a novelist, but I discovered I was better at journalism. I first wrote for newspapers here about Silk Road and it grew from there
I've always wanted to check out the dark web, what is a normal day for you look like on there? Can you give me any tips on how to safely surf the dark web? A normal day looks like me sitting at my desk writing things on my computer. When I'm researching a book or a case I venture away from my computer to trials and to interview people (at least I did pre-COVID)
There is nothing inherently unsafe in surfing the dark web. All the usual precautions you take surfing the clearweb apply. Don't visit any child exploitation sites - it will be pretty obvious that's what they are by the names/descriptions before you log in.
It is only when you want to do more than surfing - e.g. buying drugs etc - that you need to do a LOT of homework or you will absolutely get scammed
Is there anything good about the dark web? It depends what you are into. A lot of academic research has concluded that the darknet markets provide a safer way for people to buy and use drugs, due to the ratings of vendors, services that independently test and report back on batches of drugs, doctor on staff ready to answer questions, no violence in transactions etc.
News sites provide a dark web option so that whistleblowers can safety provide information and upload documents that get stripped of any identifying metadata before being available.
It bypasses firewalls and allows for secure communications under hostile regimes
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How does this make you feel about the idea of the decriminalization of drugs? I've always been for full legalization of drugs, and studying the darknet markets just proved I was right.
I was invited to an experts roundtable in Portugal about drugs and cybercrime a few years ago and the Portugal model of decriminalisation has been a great success
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Hey, you are still answering. Been reading this thread for 1-2 hours now. Thank you so much for all the good work and info! Always been intrigued by this topic, downloaded tor once to explore a bit but couldn’t and deleted it right away, to be on the safer side. Great insights. Thanks! I've been writing it for about 14 hours. Going a bit loopy
How was working on Casefile? What's the production process like? Which episodes did u do?? I have listened to... all of them.... I absolutely LOVE working for Casefile. I am a freelancer, so I source and write my own cases and then sell the scripts to Casefile. I've done at least a dozen, but some of my most popular are Amy Allwine, Mark & John, Ella Tundra, Leigh Leigh, Rebecca Schaeffer...
As for the production process, once I have sold the script to them, a staff member edits them and then they are passed on to Casey to narrate. After that, they go to Mike for sound editing, music etc. They are the best team ever
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Oh, Leigh Leigh was so well written!! How do you choose which stories to write? Do you just pick true crime you're interested in? Thank you! I have a huge list of potential episodes. Any time I come across an interesting crime on reddit, or in the news or wherever I make a note of it. Then I just pick one when it comes time to write a new script.
Sometimes I've been personally involved (e.g. Amy Allwine), gone to trials etc. Those are always the best ones
Hi Eiley, your twitter just reminded me of this AMA :) What are your thoughts on bitcoin? And would you prefer to be paid in crypto or fiat? OOOOH, I know that name! Love & Light to you!
I like Bitcoin and I wish I had a whole lot of it and like many many people, I wish I had kept the first crypto I bought at something like $4 a coin :D I do not have a whole lot of it but I do have a little bit. I like the philosophy behind it and in theory it should change the world. However the reality is that the vast majority of it is concentrated in a very few hands which allows for market manipulation and stops it being useful as a post-fiat currency.
As long as I'm getting paid, I'm pretty happy!
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I too remember your name Pluto! Such a decent human ❤ he is!! True OG right there <3
Is the dark web subject to more racism than its counterpart, the world wide web? There are some white power sites and that sort of thing and the chans are even more uncensored than the clearweb ones (4chan, 8chan) but to be honest they are the same cesspools in different spots. Drug forums don't seem to be very racist. I've seen worse on Twitter
Have you seen any consequential political or social organizing being carried out on the dark web? Not directly, but the dark web helped facilitate the Arab Spring uprising in 2010 by allowing activists to remain anonymous and to access blocked websites and social media. Wikileaks, obviously. Some white supremacy organizations seem to use it to coordinate attacks, but they are not places I'm keen to hang out in.
What’s the most expensive thing for sale you’ve seen on the dark web? What was surprisingly inexpensive? I can't remember specific listings, but there were sometimes sales of things like coke by the kilo, so that sort of thing I guess.
LSD could easily be found for $1/tab and one huge dealer gave it away for free if it was for personal use
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1. I’m going to ask a couple in hopes that one will catch your interest! I know you’re anonymous on the dark web, but even so, have you ever felt worried about your safety? I actually made the decision to be upfront and honest about who I am on the dark web, so I use the name OzFreelancer (which is easily traceable to my real name) on all the dark web sites where i went looking for interviews. The people there had the option of talking to me or not, so they had no reason to want to harm me.
2. I’ve found your comments about your relationship with Yura fascinating. Did y’all develop a friendship? Did you build any other relationships that stand out in your mind? Since you were straightforward about being on the dark web for stories, did people seem reluctant to communicate, or were they excited for the opportunity to divulge a secret? We do have a friendship of sorts, it is really quite weird. I do hope to met him one day. I met all of the senior staff of Silk Road other than the Dread Pirate Roberts himself and keep in touch with some. Some people wanted nothing to do with me of course, but many more were happy to talk to me. i think sometimes it was a relief to them to be able to talk to one person who they knew was who they said they were.
3. On violent forums, did users ever express remorse, guilt, shame, or anything indicative of some recognition that what they were viewing/seeking was awful? Do you see doxxing teams on the dark web working together to uncover info, or is the info already there through previous hacks/breaches, and someone just accesses and releases it? Sorry if any of those don’t make sense! I’m not familiar with the dark web lingo but am so intrigued by your work. Not really. I think if they were contributing to the forums, they were comfortable with who they were and what they were doing. Many of the "regular" pedophiles expressed revulsion about Lux and hurtcore sites though
these have probably been asked before but has there ever been a time where you where genuinely been scared for your life and whats the most messed up thing you've witnessed did you have any help? Yeah both things have been answered in this thread, so I'll cut'n'paste
The only time I've felt even slightly in danger despite all this nosing around in there was when I helped uncover a hitman scam. The owner of Besa Mafia, the most profitable murder-for-hire site in history, came after me when I started writing about him. He made loads of threats ("you don't know who I am, but I know who you are and where you live") but that wasnt scary, as I had access to the backdoor of his site thanks to a friendly hacker and knew he didn't really want to hurt anybody.
It took a bit of a darker turn when he told the people who had signed up to work as hitmen on his site - and who he made video themselves burning cars with signs on them to advertise how legit his site was, then never sent them the promised money for doing so - that I was the owner of the site who had ripped them off. That could have become ugly, but luckily even the thugs weren't dumb enough to believe him.
The only other time I've been a bit nervous was when Homeland Security wanted to have a "friendly" meeting with me on one of my trips to the US to attend a trial. They were friendly, but scary too.
The most frightening experience I've ever had is coming face to face with Lux, the owner of Pedoempire and Hurt2theCore, the most evil and reviled person on the entire dark web. He was responsible for procuring and hosting Daisy's Destruction, the most repulsive video ever made, created by Peter Scully, whose crimes were so bad, the Philippines are considering reinstating the death penalty especially for him.
It wasn't frightening because Lux was frightening - he was anything but. It was frightening because he looked so inoffensive and normal.
It was frightening because he was living proof that monsters walk among us and we never know.
[deleted] It is absolute crap for browsing the clearweb, and a lot of sites detect that it is odd traffic and you have to solve their CAPTCHAs before doing the most basic things
I’m sure you’ve seen some really bad stuff, do you regularly talk to a therapist to help? I've never seen a therapist (they don't really seem to be a thing in Australia they way they are in the US), but I have been known to unload on my partner and my dog
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Yo, speaking as an Aussie, they absolutely are a thing, you can get them covered thru medicare, and I recommend it if you possibly can! Bro, therapy is awesome. I'm not against therapy as a thing, but I've honestly never been so traumatised that I feel I need it. Also I had a bad experience with a psychologist after I watched my partner die in an accident - they suggested I find God, and I noped out of there
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Therapist is an American term- we call them psychs. And the one who told you to find God was terrible and out of line. Yeah she didn't last long before I was over it. Also a doctor decided I needed Xanax, which was also a bad move, because what I really needed was to grieve and Xanax doesn't let you do that properly
Do you find any good things on the dark web? Happy stuff that gives people hope? Or just the trash? I like the psychonaut communities. They just want peace, love and mungbeans for everybody
Have you heard of "The Primarch System" rumor of the dark web? Sounds downright silly to me. But I'm curious if anyone who spends time on the deep web actually takes it seriously, or if as an idea it is connected to anything serious at all. Nah, up there with the Shadow Web and Mariana's Web. There's always people who want to find out where the "deeper" "more secret" "really dark" stuff is. To them I say what, hurtcore isn't dark enough for you?
Doesn't delving the murky depths of child predator forums categorize you with the child predators in the eyes of an investigating law enforcement agency? Do you have some sort of amnesty due to your journalism, or is that something you worry about having to explain away? Has your presence there ever caused some sort of a scare? No, I never went into any of the sites that had actual photos or videos (you can't un-see that shit), but did spend a lot of time in pedophile discussion forums. I also went to a hurtcore hearing and saw screenshots in the police files, as well as listening for two days to videos being described frame-by-frame and private communications between the site owner and the sadists.
Besides drugs and sex crimes, what else is going on in the dark web? Are there other interesting nooks and crannies? I often post screenshots of bizarre sites I find on my Twitter. However, the main uses for the dark web are drugs, digital/fraud goods and child exploitation
I have one, it might be rather boring though, but here goes. On these "child predator forums" are they actually forums devoted to stalking children and do they share social media profiles of children among themselves? That would be kik ids, snapchat and facebook ids, instagram, stuff like that, info that would allow online access and that may have been chosen for suitability? Creepy question I know, but anyway I would be interested to hear your answer. I came here from TrueCrime, you referred to these things in your post on that sub. I suspect I already know the answer yet would like to hear your take on it. Yes, they provide information and tips on how to approach children, how to ensure they won't tell, how to sedate them in some instances, where to find child exploitation material, how to remove metadata and any identifying characteristics in photos and videos before sharing and so on.
They don't tend to share socia media, as that is the sort of thing that can be traced easily. They do talk about how to approach kids on social media and on the worst forums how to blackmail children into stripping/meeting etc
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So you're saying they have a more general approach rather than identifying individual children on the internet? Again a creepy question because what I suggest is that a child's social media could be used and circulated on the dark web as potential information to gain access by anonymity, even if it was just online access only. I actually wonder as I have recently read of the anonymity of apps like ''kik messenger'' and how the police are often unable to get any information from the communications as they remain encrypted and off the server and require little if any valid ID to make an account. No doubt photos from social media are uploaded as part of the materials they have. I haven't seen anything where they get together and try to track down a specific child, but I'm sure some predators do this. Most are more likely to abuse children in their orbit - family, kids of friends, or they work where they have access to children
I heard there are forums to download books but it was really dangerous, Is it true? I'm just a poor guy who wants to finish the young Jack sparrow series Whenever you download anything from a pirate site you run the risk of infection
What do you think of QAnon? Wackjob conspiracy
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Who should the conspiracy theorists actually be worried about if they actually care about thwarting pedophilia? The vast, vast majority of child abuse takes place within the child's personal orbit - relatives, family friends, parents of their own friends, people involved in their activities (coaches, leaders, etc)
So, those people
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Also how to we get people to stop believing in QAnon? Outside my area of expertise, sorry
do you personally believe there was/is any truth to the "defense" (story) that DPR was a title handed down to different admins for the original silk road, or was it just a convenient defense? do you have any theories as to who satoshi nakamoto is? besides the original SR, are there any other darkweb markets that you think have a good enough story to turn into a book? eg sheep market? i've seen you talk a little about the child predator forums, and (as with h2tc) noted are mainly populated by males. i'm curious if you've ever encountered females on such forums/websites (eg. btfk) No. There was a time that I believed the person posting on the forums as DPR changed, but the ownership and administration of the market I believe never changed hands. Variety Jones is claiming a part ownership (which may or may not be true) but I believe that is so he can run a Fourth Amendment argument
So many theories have some credibility to them, but no one theory ticks all the boxes. Highly recommend the 3-part youtube deep dive by Barely Sociable
I'm not sure any one market has the story that Silk Road had, but I would like to write a definitive history that encompasses the most compelling features of all the markets. Backopy of BMR apparently got away clean. The admins of Atlantis got wind of a security issue and closed shop, trying to warn DPR. AlphaBay ended in Alexander Cazes death in a Bangkok prison cell. Then everyone flocked to Hansa, which by that time was being run by law enforcement. Evolution ended in the most brazen exit scam, followed by a bizarre cloak'n'dagger situation played out right here on reddit. The WSM/DDW follow-the-money case. And these are just some that come right off the top of my head. I just need a publisher to provide me an advance I can live off while I write it!
There were a very few people on the forums who identified as female (obvs anyone can be anyone on a dark web forum) and there have been one or two arrests of women in relation to dark web child pornography. Peter Scully's female assistant who carried out some of the torture was originally one of his victims, turned into a sadist.
What’s the one lingering unanswered question you have about SR? I am hanging out for Joel Ellingson to go to trial so that I can find out once and for all whether redandwhite, lucydrop and Tony76 are one and the same person.
There are several people who I got to "know" by their handles who I wonder about from time to time, but mostly I hope they are safe and well and i don't want to track them down or expose them
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Eileen, I am fangirling PRE-TTY hard right now. Talking SR and Tony76 with you is how I imagine it feels to talk to a royal correspondent about Prince Andrew 😅 Ellingson being all three would be a very neat end to an otherwise insane story. Part of me wants to pin Oracle in with that trio too but that’s mostly a desperate attempt from me to add another layer to the madness. I miss the twists and turns that came with the rise and fall of SR. From your own experience - would you agree with the idea that more than one person staffed the DPR account? Thanks for the reply! Ha! You have no idea what it is like when I find someone who really knows about this stuff and can have informed conversations about it. I latch onto them and don't let go. The very BEST was meeting up with DPR's three deputies (SSBD in Australia, Inigo in US and Libertas in Ireland) so I could actually have conversations with people who knew more than I did! Variety Jones was cool too, but the conversation couldn't flow too freely thanks to him being incarcerated in Bangkok prison at the time.
I think others sometimes posted from the forum account, but Ulbricht kept a vice-like grip on his market account
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I can imagine it’s so satisfying and exciting to get those tidbits of info that piece the jigsaw together. The bedlam that played out over the forum in the aftermath was a cloud of paranoia and adrenaline that kept me refreshing pages for days. Would love to hear accounts from SSBD, Inigo and Libertas from this time. One last question: what were your thoughts when the Chloe Ayling story first broke? I assumed it was a publicity stunt. I don't think that any more. I guess I can't blame her for milking her kidnapping for publicity in the aftermath, though I don't think she does herself any favors the way she goes about it sometimes
Sorry if this has been covered before but in your research, mainly related to child abuse, where are these children coming from? Children in their care/ family? Kidnapped? The vast majority of child abuse is carried out by someone within their social circle - family and acquaintances. However, the hurtcore stuff was often carried out in third world countries on orphans or where desperate families gave up their children to "benefactors" who they believed were going to provide food an education
What Casefile episodes have you written? I became obsessed with it and ripped through all the episodes and now nothing will fill that void. Thanks for your efforts! Casefile – the murder of Amy Allwine
Casefile – Blue Skies, Black Death
Casefile – Ella Tundra
Casefile – Dnepropetrovsk Maniacs
Casefile – Motown Murders
Casefile – Rebecca Schaeffer
Casefile – Sian Kingi
Casefile – John & Mark
Casefile – Shauna Howe
Casefile – Chloe Ayling
Casefile – Johnny Altinger
Casefile – Killer Petey
Casefile – The Santa Claus Bank Robbery
Casefile – Martha Puebla
Casefile – Leigh Leigh
Is there any way parents can keep their kids safe from this without being helicopter parents? I'll cut'n'paste a response i gave to someone else about this, because it was something that really stuck out to me:
The one thing I found really interesting when I was lurking the forums of the child predators was their frustration about how children are now taught from a very young age that certain touching and acts are wrong and that they shouldn't keep certain secrets. It came up over and over again that they could not abuse certain children because they knew those children had someone they would tell. It was pretty clear that education was a child's best defence against getting abused. Kids who speak up and who have close relationships with one or more people they are likely to confide in
What does it take in terms of degrees and experience to get into this business? Nothing official. I was a lawyer, but that had no bearing on what I do now (I did corporate law). I didn't have any official credentials when I began as a freelance journalist, though later I got a diploma of professional writing and editing. Anyone can be an author, provided they can write
If you could take a guess from your findings, what would be some speculative statistics on these abuse/torture sites? How many people (tens of thousands?) are involved? Do they generally come from the same places in the world or are they seemingly geographically random (based on victim ethnicity, or language spoken, perhaps)... what are some quantifying stats to wrap our heads around how prevalent this shit is? Most dark web users come from western countries, just because infrastructure supports it. The sites often have tens of thousands of registered users, but a lot of them would be people for whom curiosity got the better of them and who signed up then left. Active users more like in the thousands, hyper-active users the hundreds.
One of the things that makes life difficult for law enforcement is that most of these sites don't operate on a commercial basis - people aren't making money from them, so there is no cryptocurrency chain to follow. They operate on a sharing basis and to get access to the more private parts of the sites, a user has to upload "fresh" material and/or prove they are actively abusing a child. Hurt2theCore used to get users to have the children hold up signs or have the site name or a username written on their bodies with a marker. This stopped law enforcement from getting access to those parts (like the "producers lounge") of the sites unless they were able to take over an account of a user who already had access. Even then, the rules of the hurtcore sites would require constant new proof in order to maintain access.
Some sites allowed people to buy access, such as one called "Welcome to Video" and then were taken down by law enforcement carrying out blockchain analysis of the Bitcoin transaction that led to the owner when they cashed out to fiat without moneylaundering precautions
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Do you think LE uses deep fakes to simulate a picture to gain access? Is that possible? It is definitely possible, but I don't know whether they are doing it as they are understandably secretive about their methods. I know it is deeply problematic, as even fake child porn is still illegal (even cartoon stuff, including some Hentai in some countries). But they have used questionable methods before, most notably running the dark web's largest site, Playpen, for over a year in order to identify contact offenders
the below is another reply to the original answer
Am I hearing you that many people are NOT doing this for financial gain? Just to do it and share it?? Child exploitation, yes, it is mostly a sharing community. Some people make some money out of it, but it is not like drugs where a lot of people are making a LOT of money
On the subject of abused kids... did you ever help the kids in any way? I never met any of the kids. I never saw any of the photos and videos. I don't know who any of the kids are.
Daisy has been taken into care and her identity changed. I hope she is doing okay
What exactly does the dark web look like? You hear about it often, but don’t know if it looks like Google Chrome, Safari, or just a page full of code. It looks like a normal browser and operates just like a normal browser. It's just that it can access sites that your normal browser can't.
e.g. http://thehub5himseelprs44xzgfrb4obgujkqwy5tzbsh5yttebqhaau23yd.onion/index.php is the URL of a dark web forum. If you plug it into your normal browser you will get an error. If you plug it into the Tor browser you will get the registration page for The Hub
How do you keep yourself from hating all humanity? I am happy to report that, even on the dark web, the good people outnumber the bad
Hi! First off I'd like to say that I find what you do quite fascinating and would love to do something like that in the future. My question is in regards to art and other forms of artistic expression on the dark web. Is it true that the dark web is a place where you can also find awesome things such as art and literature? Not really, because all that stuff is readily available on the clearweb. There are sites like the Imperial Library of Trantor, which is a pirate site for books, where you can read thousands of books for free, but that's really no different to The Pirate Bay. Some people share their LSD art, but again, nothing you won't find on the clearweb
submitted by 500scnds to tabled [link] [comments]

[Monday April 8 2019] Cats recognize their own names—even if they choose to ignore them; Stanford expels student admitted with falsified sailing credentials; Russia moves to free nearly 100 captive whales after outcry; Super fungus that kills nearly half of its victims in 90 days has spread globally

/blog

/worldnews

/news

/UpliftingNews

  • kcgg123
    [Title Post] Russia moves to free nearly 100 captive whales after outcry
    Comments || Link

/science

  • mvea
    Testosterone increased leading up to skydiving and was related to greater cortisol reactivity and higher heart rate, finds a new study. “Testosterone has gotten a bad reputation, but it isn’t about aggression or being a jerk. Testosterone helps to motivate us to achieve goals and rewards.”
    Comments || Link
  • ekser
    A potential new immune-based therapy to treat precancers in the cervix completely eliminated both the lesion and the underlying HPV infection in a third of women enrolled in a clinical trial.
    Comments || Link

/medicine

  • LastManCrying
    [Title Post] 'No need to tell the public': Super fungus that kills nearly half of its victims in 90 days has spread globally
    Comments || Link

/history

  • CreesC
    When does the need for having walls to defend cities became irrelevant?
    Comments

/space

/technology

/business

  • hipointconnect
    'Influencer Fraud' Costs Companies Millions of Dollars. An AI-Powered Tool Can Now Show Who Paid to Boost Their Engagement.
    Comments || Link

/AskHistorians

/AskReddit

/todayilearned

  • JamOnTheOne
    TIL Principal Akbar Cook installed a free fully-stocked laundry room at school because students with dirty clothes were bullied and missing 3-5 days of school per month. Attendance rose 10%.
    Comments || Link
  • persiancaviar
    TIL that Steve Martin's wedding came as a surprise to his guests. The roughly 75 star-studded attendees (including the likes of Tom Hanks, Diane Keaton, Eugene Levy, and Carl Reiner) said that he had invited them to his house just for a "party." To their shock, upon their arrival his wedding began.
    Comments || Link
  • PM-ME_YOUR_TITS-GIRL
    TIL that it cost $20 million to evict the last four tenants of a Manhattan apartment building to renovate it. The last tenant was so stubborn and savvy that he received $17 million of the money, plus use of a $2 million condo for life.
    Comments || Link

/IAmA

  • supercaz
    Similar to lab-grown meat, I am the co-founder of a recently funded startup working on the final frontier of this new food movement, cow cheese without the cow - AMA!
    Comments

/coolguides

/Cooking

/GifRecipes

/movies

  • RoyisOurBoy
    Official Poster for Parasite (2019), the latest movie from Bong Joon-Ho (Memories of Murder, Mother, Snowpiercer & Okja)
    Comments || Link

/gaming

/Art

/WritingPrompts

  • Lord_Vermoud
    [WP] You're a financial advisor. In 1994, you get a weird phone call from a man asking you if he can get any Bitcoin below $200k, and the call cuts off before you can ask him what Bitcoin was. Years later you get a call again from the same man, claiming he's calling back seconds after disconnection.
    Comments

/OldSchoolCool

/pics

/gifs

/videos

/oddlysatisfying

/mildlyinteresting

/interestingasfuck

/MostBeautiful

/aww

Something New

Everyday we’ll feature a selected small subreddit and its top content. It's a fun way to include and celebrate smaller subreddits.

Today's subreddit is...

/nocontextbooks

Its top 3 all time posts
submitted by kaunis to tldr [link] [comments]

Welcome to ShareRing: Your all-in-one Guide

ShareRing
The world’s first web platform for sharing goods and services. One way to pay for sharing everything, no matter what it is or where you are.
ShareRing is an on-demand platform that connects the highly fragmented sharing economy by bringing together sharing services across all industries and geographies. Using our decentralized marketplace, users can securely access, connect, and pay for services anywhere in the world. We’re developing an ecosystem that is essentially the Amazon for the sharing economy. Our pilot online marketplace is launching in November in parts of Australia, Hong Kong, and The United States. Be sure to follow the most recent updates on our Medium or Telegram Announcements channel

ShareToken (SHR) trades live on DX.Exchange once DX has finished their soft launch!

Our Pilot Phase Has Now Commenced, Learn More Here: Pilot Overview

Masternodes: early view

Official Sources

Origin of ShareRing - Keaz

Keaz is the sister company of ShareRing and a global leader in white label car-sharing solutions. Established in 2013, Keaz clients include Toyota Fleet Management in Australia, Envoy of California, and YooGo who was recently promoted by the PM of New Zealand. Keaz is a private company serving (both corporate and consumer) in over 300 locations in New Zealand, USA, and Australia. We have offices in Australia, Hong Kong, Vietnam, San Diego, and Denver.

Partnerships

Development Updates

Latest AMA

Team Members

Meet Our People

Advisors

Collection of ShareRing articles

December

News.com.au How to save money: Woman saves $15k 12/06/18
Business Insider Here's What it Takes to be a Co-founder 12/03/18

November

Dynamic Business Lets talk: Future Proofing 11/28/18
Marketing Mag Does Your Digital Marketing Need Some Refreshment in 2019? 10/26/18
The Australian The Takeoff of the Sharing Economy 11/21/18

October

Century Link Bright Ideas How SMBs Can Take Advantage of the Red-hot Sharing Economy 10/24/18
Finder What Do You Get When You Cross the Sharing Economy with Blockchian? 10/22/18
Smart Company The Three Steps Keaz Founder Tim Bos Took After Realising an Employee Stole Company Code 10/19/18
Automotive Industry Blockchain Can Disrupt the Auto Industry 10/1/18

September

Bitcoin Exchange Guide Everyday Blockchain Using DLT Dapps In Every Way for Every Thing With Everyone 9/14/18
Bitcoinist Blockchain Beyond Crytocurrency and What They Could Mean for You 8/28/18
Crypto Suite Blockchain Beyond Crytocurrency and What They Could Mean for You 9/12/18
The Australian Blockchain to Power Social Good 9/11/18
Forbes The Most Promising Emerging Blockchain Technologies and What They Mean for Crypto Prices 9/10/18

August

The Australian Stories From The Startup Trenches 8/30/18
Dynamic Business Lets talk....Perspective 8/28/18
Shareable 10 Blockchain Projects To Keep An Eye On 8/21/18
The Australian Digivizer, Airtasker, The Iconic reps talk big data at Deakin event 8/8/18
HKC News Chinese Article 8/2/18

July

The Martec Blockchain Startups in Melbourne: 20 You Can't Miss 7/27/18
IB Times Leading charge 5 Australian Blockchain Startups Managed to Raise Big 7/24/18
Blocktime.hk Chinese Article 7/23/18
Forbes The Year of Blockchain and Sharing Economy's Intersection 7/20/18
Collective Hub Why Aussie Startups Are Thriving In China 7/16/18
CIO How SMBs Can Take Advantage of the Red-hot Sharing Economy 7/10/18

June

Business Insider We asked 7 experts whether blockchain is 'the next Gutenberg moment' - here's what they said 6/22/18
AMB Crypto Restoring Trust in the Sharing Economy with Blockchain Technology 6/22/18
The Australian A match made in heaven: How blockchain technology is enhancing the sharing economy 6/20/18
BTC Manager Car Companies Collaborate for the Sake of Blockchain Technology 6/15/18
Dataconomy Blockchain Found A Shortcut To The Universal Sharing Economy 6/14/18
Coin Central Blockchain in Automotive: Fragmented Sector to Focus on New Technologies 6/11/18
Trustnodes Shared Real Estate on the Blockchain, ShareRing to Partner with Quarteria 6/11/18

May

Dynamic Business Let's Talk... Competition 5/30/18
Bit Guru ShareRing Gains Tailwind From Its Inclusion Into The MOBI Automotive Consortium 5/25/18
The Bitcoiner ShareRing Partners with GTI Holdings to Revamp the Sharing Economy 5/24/18
The Bitcoin Times ShareRing is Associated with GTI Holdings to Renew the Exchange Economy 5/24/18
Coin Idol Blockchain Startup ShareRing Joins Car Makers In Bringing Blockchain To Automotive Industry 5/23/18
The Merkle What is ShareRing Cryptocurrency 5/22/18
Crypto Compare ShareRing Will Make it Easy to Share Everything 5/22/18
News BTC Uniting Airbnb, Uber and WeWork Under One Cryptocurrency 5/21/18
Finance Town Hall One App To Rule Them All: How Blockchain Will Turn Your 20 Phone Apps Into One 5/21/18
Distributed Blockchain Solutions Are Changing the Sharing Economy 5/18/18
Nasdaq Blockchain Solutions Are Changing the Sharing Economy 5/18/18
Metro Daily HK Chinese Article 5/14/18
Dynamic Business Federal Budget: startup wishlist part three 5/08/18
iT Wire Start-ups need more govt support: Budget plea 5/07/18
Dynamic Business LET’S TALK… STARTUP/CORPORATE COLLABORATIONS 5/02/18
Coin Telegraph Care About Sharing? Take Our Quiz On The Sharing Economy 5/01/18

April

Coin Speaker Blockchain Startup ShareRing is Facilitating the Adoption of Cryptocurrency 4/27/18
Self Growth ShareRing Is the Sharing Economy Reboot We Were All Hoping For 4/27/18
Crypto Vest ShareRing Banks on Blockchain to become the Sharing Economy’s Amazon 4/26/18
Self Growth ShareRing Is the Sharing Economy Reboot We Were All Hoping For 4/26/18
Guiado Bitcoin Portugese Article 4/25/18
Ethereum Kaufen German Article 4/124/18
Irish Tech News The Blockchain and the Sharing Economy: A Necessary Combination 4/24/18
Bitcoin Mag German Article 4/23/18
Bits Online Tokenization: Trend or Industry Changer? 4/23/18
Smart Company Ten Australian blockchain companies raising millions and disrupting industries 4/23/18
Cointelegraph Sharing Economy, Explained 4/19/18
Cryptocur Russian Article 4/19/18
CCN Meet ShareRing, the Dual-Token Solution for the Sharing Economy 4/18/18
Stocksmasters Meet ShareRing, The Dual-Token Solution For The Sharing Economy 4/18/18
MyTradeCryptoCurrency Could Blockchain Overcome Data Privacy Issues in Light of the Facebook Scandal? 4/17/18
Crypto-News Could Blockchain Overcome Data Privacy Issues in Light of the Facebook Scandal? 4/17/18
Hibtc Chinese Article 4/17/18
Weiss Soros, $25k Bitcoin, Riskiest Cryptos and More 4/16/18
Eleven News Blockchain-Based Project Builds Superstore Platform For Sharing Everything 4/16/18
Bitcoinist Sharing economy is booming and clockchain wants in 4/16/18
The ICO Daily Blockchain-based project builds superstore platform for sharing everything 4/16/18
Crypto Traders Online platforms, Big Data, and algorithms are the three main contributors to the increasing popularity of today’s sharing economy. 4/16/18
The Merkle Blockchain-Based Project Builds Superstore Platform For Sharing Everything 4/16/18
The Blockchain ShareRing Nets $3.8 Million In Seed Funding, Prepares Token Generation Event 4/16/18
Goldmann and Son PLC Company Aims To Become ‘Amazon Of Sharing Economy’ With Blockchain App 4/15/18
Mooncatcher Meme A company is building a Blockchain-based system to eliminate fragmentation in the sharing economy 4/15/18
Bigcoin Vietnam Vietnam Article 4/15/18
CCN Blockchain Platform Aims to Become a One-Stop-Shop for Sharing Physical Assets App 4/14/18
CoinTelegraph Company Aims To Become ‘Amazon Of Sharing Economy’ With Blockchain App 4/14/18
News BTC Blockchain Platform Is on the Verge to Developing a Tokenized Sharing Economy 4/13/18
The Next Web Blockchain and the sharing economy, a match made in heaven? This startup plans to prove it 4/13/18
Coins Speaker Meet ShareRing: The One-Stop-Shop for Sharing Everything Powered by Blockchain Tech 4/13/18
Coins News Update One-Stop-Shop for Sharing Everything Powered by Blockchain Tech 4/13/18
Kochies Business Builders Win a trip to Hong Kong: ShareRing calls for entrepreneur pitches 4/13/18
It Wire Sharing services marketplace ShareRing is seeking business concepts from start-up companies 4/13/18
Coin List Blockchain startup capitalises on growth of billion dollar sharing economy 4/12/18
Dynamic Business LET’S TALK… STARTUP FOUNDERS 4/11/18
JD Supra DJI Brings Blockchain to Drones 4/9/18
Small Business UK The Sharing Economy: A low-cost solution for upscale services 4/3/18
Malta Blockchain Summit Disruption Is Coming to the Expansive Sharing Economy 4/2/18
Bitcoin Exchange Guide ShareRing ICO: SharePay & ShareToken Global Sharing Solution? 4/2/18

March

Finance Magnates Blockchain Technology is Disrupting the $100b Sharing Economy Market 3/29/18
Dynamic Business LET’S TALK… SMART GROWTH 3/29/18
Use The Bitcoin Here’s What’s Going on in the Sharing Economy 3/27/18
Crypto Ninjas Can a Decentralized Sharing Economy Resolve Itself? 3/27/18
Bitcoin Garden Meet the Blockchain Startup with a Dual-Coin Setup to Combat Volatility in Crypto 3/26/18
Coin Schedule Blockchain, The Sharing Economy, and You 3/23/18
News Max Can Blockchain Create a More Secure and Equitable Sharing Economy? 3/23/18
ICO Crunch Blockchain-based global platform for sharing services and things 3/23/18
Ant Hill Online Two-sided marketplace ShareRing closes $3.8m capital raise, launches $62m token generation event 3/23/18
Dynamic Business NEW VISA SCHEME REQUIRES ‘AGGRESSIVE CHANGES’ TO HELP EARLY-STAGE STARTUPS: SLINGSHOT’S CEO 3/23/18
TechWorm Disruption Imminent: Blockchain Startup Sets Its Eyes on a Tokenized Sharing Economy 3/21/18
Crypto-Economy ShareRing Brings More People to the Blockchain with a Dual-Coin System 3/20/18
Crypto Central The Sharing Economy is Big 3/20/18
It Wire New talent visa scheme a ‘breakthrough’ for Aussie tech companies 3/20/18
Zero Hedge The Future of Ownership: Having More, Owning Less 3/20/18
Investment Watch Blog Investing in a Shared Economy: The Constructs Behind the Concept 3/20/18
Smart Company A “game changer” for Aussie startups: Government unveils new trial visas aimed at startup scene 3/19/18
Asgardia Space News ShareRing Launches Token Generation Event in Hopes of Disrupting the Extensive Sharing Economy 3/19/18
Business Insider What Australia's tech leaders are saying about the 457 visa changes 3/19/18
Business Insider The Australian tech industry was gifted a much more flexible visa for migrant workers 3/19/18
Hacked ICO Analysis: ShareRing 3/19/18
ChipIn Decentralized Sharing Platform is Taking a Bite out of the Sharing Economy 3/18/18
SoHu Chinese Article 3/16/18
Deal Street Asia Australian sharing economy startup ShareRing raises $3m seed funding 3/15/18
Smart Company ShareRing raises $3.8 million seed round in mission to become the blockchain-fuelled Amazon for the sharing economy 3/15/18
Finder Melbourne startup aims to be the “Amazon of the sharing economy” 3/15/18
e27 ShareRing, a blockchain-powered marketplace for sharing services, secures US$3M funding 3/15/18
Inves8r ShareRing raises $3.8 million seed round in mission to become the blockchain-fuelled Amazon for the sharing economy 3/15/18
MSN ShareRing raises $3.8 million seed round in mission to become the blockchain-fuelled Amazon for the sharing economy 3/15/18
Coin Telegraph German Automotive Innovation Could Drive Real-World Blockchain Usage 3/15/18
Business Insider Australian blockchain-driven startup ShareRing just raised $3.8 million 3/15/18
PR News Wire Disruption Is Coming to the Expansive Sharing Economy as ShareRing Launches Token Generation Event 3/15/18
Australian Financial Review ShareRing's bold bid to be 'Amazon of the sharing economy' 3/14/18
Insider Monkey The Sharing Economy and What to Expect in 2018 3/12/18
submitted by GanNi06 to ShareRing [link] [comments]

Dis-info Campaign Mega Thread

Hello,
I am going to run through some of the more prominent disinformation that has been thrown around in regards to Julian Assange and Wikileaks since the middle of October. This mega thread will hopefully dispel some of the more prominent and recurring arguments that have popped up over the last few months. If there is something here that needs to be added or was discussed incorrectly please let me know in the comments.
Edit: http://i.imgur.com/MfuN4tG.jpg
submitted by TrustyJAID to WhereIsAssange [link] [comments]

WeTrust AMA - October 6 (Originally in Slack, formatted to Reddit)

Hello everyone! It took me a bit longer than last week due to family obligations but here’s the transcript for the third WeTrust Slack AMA! Like last week the majority of the questions were collected through Sli.do and not everyone left their username.
 
Anonymous When do you plan to start marketing and more social media outreach?
Patrick.WeTrust As we near the rollout of the TLC, we plan on increasing marketing and social media outreach. This is necessary since it is important that we get the word out of what we are building.
Anonymous Are you still on track with the roadmap? When can we see/play with the alpha app?
Patrick.WeTrust The dApp is currently being worked on by our engineering team and is scheduled to be released in a few weeks. The features have been locked down and the team is working hard on building out the many features.
Aakeelr Whitepaper is a must and it shouldn't be delayed. Whatever revised version needs to be done should happen and be visible on the site asap if possible.
Patrick.WeTrust We have an older version of our whitepaper (pre-crowdsale) here: https://bravenewcoin.com/assets/Whitepapers/WeTrustWhitePaper.pdf Our top priority is building out and delivering on the Alpha Release of the TLC and resources are focused on that. Once this is complete and more resources are available, we will update the whitepaper.
Anonymous As a large holder of TRST - how can I be assured recent pushes from the SEC and Trex (theyre cleaning house) will not impact TRST? Do you have legal counsel?
George.WeTrust We're not aware of any changes on Bittrex side, and we've just reached out to them to see if there's any information they need from us. We are very conservative in our approach towards regulatory/ compliance issues, and we will continue as such by working with our legal counsel.
Aakeelr Need more exchanges listing TRST to safeguard the token value from today's incident of Bittrex....
Patrick.WeTrust We stand firmly that delivering a quality product that will impact the lives of many as our prime mission and goal. If we are successful, I believe the exchange issue will be small as many will want to list our Token.
Anonymous Any update on getting the whitepaper back on the website?
Patrick.WeTrust We are working on a new landing page of our Trusted Lending Circle page which will feature a new experience of what our app will be like. This is just a temporary page: https://tlc.wetrust.io/, but the new site will be at this domain soon! (hopefully, next week!)
Jeald Are you going to complete your TLC Alpha build mid-October as per your roadmap?
Patrick.WeTrust Yes, this is the current target. Running 1 week or so behind, but we are trying to push to squeeze for lost time. There will be an update in the next community blog post.
Anonymous The Trusted Lending Circles product due for release in December. Where will it be released? Is it an app for the pc? Will it be accessible on mobile devices?
Patrick.WeTrust Correct. The TLC is slated to be released in December. This first iteration will be a Chrome Web App. In the future, mobile definitely will be on the horizon as a large portion of the world uses mobile and do not have computer.
Dgut Do you guys have any plans to revamp the current wetrust.io design and logo? Some projects like Waves have recently "upgraded" to "professional" design and copy-writing, I think that's the way to go because good design is crucial for user adoption today.
Patrick.WeTrust We have updated the website and will look into the current design of the logo. Thanks for the feedback.
Dgut Updating doesn't equal improvement though. :slightly_smiling_face: The current design has too many flaws. See stripe.com and fleep.io for kick-ass designs. Is this something you guys are taking seriously? Other well designed sites: standuply.com and elev.io ... see the difference?
Patrick.WeTrust Fair enough - I will loop in our designers @hailey.wetrust and @yutai to take a look at what these sites have and takeaways we can make.
Yutai.WeTrust We are very focused on the user experience and adoption. The design team is currently working on make sure we have a smooth UX in the TLC dApp. But we love community feedback and if there is anything else, please don't hesitate to let us know.
Patrick.WeTrust Thanks for chiming in @Yutai!
Anonymous When are you going to do anything besides amas?
George.WeTrust We have a diverse list of channels of communication available -- slack, telegram, bi-weekly updates, bi-weekly AMAs -- let us know if you all think there are any that we should drop and any we should be adding and we're all ears.
Jcga :) Despite hardwork are you guyz ready for the new NBA season via Golden State Warriors, I little feel you dont really care about NBA ;) Go WeTrust !
Patrick.WeTrust Golden State Warriors is our local team :)
Jeald Do you have a roadmap for 2018 available for general viewing? Patrick.WeTrust See answer below.
Boghiumd How i can get to your telegram channel? As i don’t see any links on your website
Patrick.WeTrust Telegram isn't as active yet. I recommend Slack/ Reddit/ Bitcointalk.
BalengiVision Can you send steph curry and kevin durant WeTrust gear when you release TLC?
patrick.WeTrust We can try. They would need to fill out the WeTrust Tshirt Request Form though :)
BalengiVision Lol cool. Do you mind if we tweet at them?
Patrick.WeTrust We can do that sure!
Anonymous Will you be providing a roadmap that covers some part of 2018? It helps investors understand the company's vision.
Patrick.WeTrust Yes, we are working on this and have had some internal discussions already. Our VP of Product, @tomd is working on this now and we will have a few iterations for internal discussions and debate before it is released to the general public.
BalengiVision Release timeframe?
Patrick.WeTrust I will follow up on Tom, and he shared with me a preliminary draft yesterday. We want to have something that is actionable and something we can hold ourselves accountable for. Thus, it will require some work internally before we can release something to the public. Rest assured, it is being worked on and each date is carefully thought about.
BalengiVision Totally understandable!
Patrick.WeTrust Thanks. Cheers, @BalengiVision - thanks for all your support and activity in our Slack.
Aakeelr 2) While planning the TLC has the team reached a point and zeroed on it where the TRST token should claim its value. How will TRST derive its value.
George.WeTrust We are building out a sequence of Financial dApps and will use a "Freemium" model. Essentially, there will be basic features that will be free for our users (e.g., TLCs charge no fees up to 10 users in the circle), but more premium services -- will require some TRST tokens to use (these are currently being planned, and will be included in the roadmap). The main goal is to drive user adoption first, and then monetization after there is a critical mass.
Secunoid What happens when somebody collects their payout and stops contributing after that?
Patrick.WeTrust To thwart bad actors, WeTrust will have four deterrents: 1. Reputation risk/ Reviews: ROSCA groups will be limited to "trusted associates" - family, friends, co-workers, fraternal groups, and professional/ religious organizations. Defaulting on payments could mean social shame and loss of reputation amongst an individual's closest associates. The idea is that for ROSCAs with small enough dollar amount commitments, reputation risk will be sufficient enough to keep participants honest. Reviews may also be left by other members to show how they felt about any participant. 2. Legal risk: ROSCA formation will allow trusted associates to e-sign and bind each other to a legal contract which requires faithful adherence and payment to the ROSCA. Defaulting on payments and stealing could mean legal repercussions. Legal recourse will only be used if individuals are participating in a "high-stakes" ROSCA and legal action would be worthwhile. I've spoken to our legal advisor and she believes it will be possible to create auto-populating templates that will be tailored to each person's ROSCA terms. 3. Collateral risk: Collateral commitments may be required prior to joining a ROSCA. The collateral will be entered into a smart contract which will surrender the property to the ROSCA group if the ROSCA agreement is breached. Collateral can be liquid-cash like assets like Bitcoin or even less liquid assets such as auto/ home titles. Our system will benefit significantly from the ability to accept less liquid assets, since the majority of middle classes’ net worth is locked in real estate. Collateral would allow capital to be used more efficiently. 4. Smart contract bounty (self-enforcement): If a ROSCA participant violates the terms of the ROSCA, the ROSCA group may start a “Bounty” on the retrieval of funds. If the funds are retrieved, the “Bounty” is paid out to the person who enforces the terms of the ROSCA. These deterrent options will be on an "opt-in" basis and participants will be able to choose the level of security they want.
Aakeelr 4) We saw the last update where product functionality has frozen and bugs are being fixed. When do we expect the alpha release precisely?
George.WeTrust We will have an update next week on the status -- we're working hard to hit the initial targets.
Boghiumd Is there a chance to have a discussion with Vitalik that he would somehow confirm directly may be via tweeter post that he actually is suporting this project?
George.WeTrust We met with VB during the early phases of the project, and soon after also brought on Bo Shen (VB's partner at FenBuShi Capital) as an early supporter and advisor. We have a number of advisors and they all provide some help in their own specific capacities. For example, Benedict Chan the Director of Engineering at BitGo is nearby and he often drops by, Emin Gun also checks up on us regularly. We engage with all of advisors as needed and ask them for help if it can materially help the progress of our development or user adoption. As such, we will consider reaching out to him when our product is ready for testing.
BalengiVision That'd be great. Then everyone won't think we have been making stuff up :) Not you guys, but we the people. I tell peeps Vitalik advises early in the project, and people say we are making things up.
Secunoid And how do you manage the risk of delinquent payments?
damo Hey @Secundoid this was answered in the last AMA. Lemme see if I can track it down real quick.
Patrick.WeTrust Here it is: To thwart bad actors, WeTrust will have four deterrents:
  1. Reputation risk/ Reviews: ROSCA groups will be limited to "trusted associates" - family, friends, co-workers, fraternal groups, and professional/ religious organizations. Defaulting on payments could mean social shame and loss of reputation amongst an individual's closest associates. The idea is that for ROSCAs with small enough dollar amount commitments, reputation risk will be sufficient enough to keep participants honest. Reviews may also be left by other members to show how they felt about any participant.
  2. Legal risk: ROSCA formation will allow trusted associates to e-sign and bind each other to a legal contract which requires faithful adherence and payment to the ROSCA. Defaulting on payments and stealing could mean legal repercussions. Legal recourse will only be used if individuals are participating in a "high-stakes" ROSCA and legal action would be worthwhile. I've spoken to our legal advisor and she believes it will be possible to create auto-populating templates that will be tailored to each person's ROSCA terms.
  3. Collateral risk: Collateral commitments may be required prior to joining a ROSCA. The collateral will be entered into a smart contract which will surrender the property to the ROSCA group if the ROSCA agreement is breached. Collateral can be liquid-cash like assets like Bitcoin or even less liquid assets such as auto/ home titles. Our system will benefit significantly from the ability to accept less liquid assets, since the majority of middle classes’ net worth is locked in real estate. Collateral would allow capital to be used more efficiently.
  4. Smart contract bounty (self-enforcement): If a ROSCA participant violates the terms of the ROSCA, the ROSCA group may start a “Bounty” on the retrieval of funds. If the funds are retrieved, the “Bounty” is paid out to the person who enforces the terms of the ROSCA. These deterrent options will be on an "opt-in" basis and participants will be able to choose the level of security they want.
Secundoid k
damo nice thanks @patrick.wetrust One of our community members had a really interesting idea about using a voluntary community pool as an opt-in insurance option that would pay a small percentage of the ROSCA pool to the community pool. An interesting "staking" option for TRST holders! We're looking to provide insurance products anyway right? ;)
Patrick.WeTrust Yes, we are as an evolution of the TLC. @damo
beef Majority of PPL here are selfish enough to admit that they want to see the TRST token become more and more valuable. I've read that it will be used for Premium features, but are there other use cases for the token itself? Does it power dApps in the environment? Can I supply X amount of TRST and use that to fund ROSCA circles?
Patrick.WeTrust That is correct. Another way to think of Trustcoin is that it is the gas that will power various interactions on our network. The current use case we have in mind are premium features (e.g. sort of like a redemption ticket), but please keep in mind that... the mission of WeTrust is to build movement toward financial inclusion/ empowerment and the token will be a core piece of that.
beef The more we are able to cycle TRST through the ecosystem the better. Thanks Patrick
Patrick.WeTrust That is correct. We will be keeping this in mind as we roll out our dApps and other initiatives. Cheers, @beef!
Boghiumd Binance has started to do monthly voting, can you submit a request to them so on next voting wetrust coin will participate as well?
Patrick.WeTrust Is this something the community can request?
Boghiumd @patrick.wetrust actually someone from the team have to submit a request, this is what i read on their website
Patrick.WeTrust Can you email me the link? [email protected]. I'll look into it.
Boghiumd @patrick.wetrust https://binance.zendesk.com/hc/zh-cn/requests/new I presume this one is
Dgut Trustcoin's success is glued to Wetrust. But Wetrust's success is glued to the success of humankind. Any application that simplifies and makes practical the use cryptocurrencies are not only necessary but crucial for the survival of the tech and ideology. Therefore @george.wetrust and @patrick.wetrust should care more about design. (y)
Patrick.WeTrust Thanks for all your feedback and involvement @dgut
Thomas Trustcoin's success is glued to Wetrust. how? i dont get it.. for me it looks like TenX.. they have a token but dont realy need one for the Company... same on Iconomi ... good Projects but they dont need realy a token... i dont get it on TRST ... for me it looks like you dont need realy a token to build this system.. Can you help me to understand this? I am wrong ?
Patrick.WeTrust Another way to think of Trustcoin is that it is the gas that will power various interactions on our network. The current use case we have in mind are premium features (e.g. sort of like a redemption ticket), but please keep in mind that... the mission of WeTrust is to build movement toward financial inclusion/ empowerment and the token will be a core piece of that.
Thomas hmm ok thx
BalengiVision Can you elaborate on the premium features?
Patrick.WeTrust Premium features: lending circles above a certain size (>10 individuals), reporting data to a Credit Agency, accessing a WeTrust ATM to redeem lending circle proceeds, etc... More features will come in due time as we continually iterate and learn from each version of our product.
BalengiVision So credit agencies will accept ROSCA data? Sounds intriguing though I've never heard of that before!
Amazongirl Have you spoken to Ripio (formerly BitPagos) yet about how they handle crypto-fiat exchange risk over a loan's lifetime? https://ripiocredit.network/#benchmarks * *George.WeTrust** We haven't, and will read into how they are able to do this. We are working on some ideas of our own which may bring about stability for users.
Aakeelr @george.wetrust @patrick.wetrust we have some good suggestions from @amazongirl. Would love you guys to actually take a view om that.
Patrick.WeTrust I will take a deeper dive into her suggestions and if I have any questions, will follow up with her.
Aakeelr Thanks for this. You will love her idea
Dgut @patrick.wetrust Are you familiar with https://klart.co/pixels ?
Patrick.WeTrust I am not, but these sites look beautiful.
Dgut Yeah, I hope you guys aim for something like that. It's not rocket surgery either :)
Secunoid Which country/area are you targeting when you go live first?
Patrick.WeTrust Local, immigrant communities within the Bay Area. (SF, CA)
Dgut Hopefully global. The nature of this whole environment and tech is global.
CowMooFlage It definitely is global but they want to be testing close to home.
Dgut It think westerns might be inclined to use the app if it's sufficiently well designed and works well.
damo @dgut see above. Aiming for local immigrant communities
CowMooFlage The biggest issue I see is Westerners not understanding it's purpose because it's not embedded in our culture.
damo Right For that i think there are other permutations of the platform that could take off quicker and be stickier to the global north.
Dgut that's the cool part, it's a completely new thing for them.
Patrick.WeTrust There are pockets of immigrants from Mexico, India, etc. that have used this in the past back home. In fact, my grandmother and father was part of a lending circle back home in Vietnam. We will go after this crowd and do a pilot test in these communities.
BalengiVision I think if the idea is explained well, westerners will love it. I never heard of it until I joined this group.
Dgut Exactly. The reason westerners don't use it is because they never heard of such a concept. When I heard of it I thought... why the f aren't we doing the same? I see it being used among students
Anonymous AmazonGirl from the Slack community as an advisor? She has freely been an amazing one. We need to keep this happening with fair compensation.
George.WeTrust We will reach out to her to gauge her interest -- I think generally we can continue improving our engagement with our community, and leveraging our supporters so we can move faster. We already have a good number of referrals for potential partners, potential pilot groups, folks who would like to work for us, etc... and please do keep them coming!
CowMooFlage George, Patrick, can Damo be listed on the site as a "community manager" or similar position? He's in this channel day in day out answering questions and we love him to bits. By far one of the best people you could ever have doing such a job; humble, cheerful and honest.
Patrick.WeTrust We can have this happen - wonder why this hasn't happened sooner!
CowMooFlage Awesome :) thanks Patrick :D
*Patrick.WeTrust * I will ping @damo for his blurb, picture and get that to @hoang.wetrust as soon as possible. Thanks!
CowMooFlage @damo pink wig? :thinking_face:
damo Lol i have waaay better pictures ready to go lol
damo Thanks for such kind words @cowmooflage! I’m seriously blushing over here.
Patrick.WeTrust Thanks! both of you :D Bradicle Yeaaaa agree. Damo has been the face for We Trust in this chat since day one for me. Answering all the hard hitting questions day in and out <3 :B
Anonymous When are you ditching slack? The phishing is out of control!
George.WeTrust We have been testing with Rocket Chat internally, and are currently working towards migration. We will have more information on the timing, next week, but we want this to be as soon as possible, in the balance of our product development focus.
CowMooFlage Can't wait to check out the new home.
Jcga That a pity, Slack is nice compared to the others. I do believe the myetherw... phishing mail notification have decreased, they "collect" nothing. Slack is beautifull with cool features that others dont. Anyway security is super important and with time we will get used to the new place :slightly_smiling_face:
CowMooFlage @jcga Slack is a decent platform but it lacks certain control features and flexibility that others have (e.g. the moderation tools were not made to support thousands of users).
Jcga Yes sure I understand the priorities.
BalengiVision I definitely see US college students being a great test group!
Patrick.WeTrust Yes! There are lots of community college, Stanford, Berkeley... all within 20-30 miles of our office.
BalengiVision Exactly. Remember, facebook started off with colleges...now look at it. Once they all graduated, they took the idea with them and BOOM!
CowMooFlage Plus, didn't you go there yourself @patrick.wetrust? You could have a professor introduce it to students even? They might be open to it as you're an ex-grad?
Patrick.WeTrust Yes, I went to UC Berkeley and @george.wetrust was at Stanford. @U2M8H6DUJ also went to Berkeley and @shinelay to Davis. Definitely will be rekindling some old connections with my old professors :)
CowMooFlage @patrick.wetrust It's always nice to come back with something to show off! :>
Dgut @BalengiVision absolutely ... there is no reason for this to be immigrant-communities only. WeTrust can become a lot stronger if adopted by those groups (students) ...
Kimutai @BalengiVision . Good idea In fact @patrick.wetrust . Students will show us all the flaws and a good number of unheard of issues. All their diversity of ideas is an untapped Gold mine.
CowMooFlage Students can be very bold and open about expressing their opinions. Might be a fun brain storm session.
Patrick.WeTrust As long as there is a good mix of supply and demand for credit - there is a potential opportunity there. An idea we have been bouncing around... if we could somehow match students (seeking credit) with alumni (that have the wherewithal to contribute to a loan), we could have a large user group here!
BalengiVision Interesting concept
Patrick.WeTrust yes, it is :slightly_smiling_face:
damo I like this. Another connect for Westerners is in auction ROSCAs where they intentionally take the money last as a way to earn a modest return providing capital to the developing world. I'll definitely be doing this.
Thanks to everyone for participating in this week's AMA.
submitted by CowPlaysDirty to WeTrustPlatform [link] [comments]

RightMesh AMA Answers

Thank you for your interest in our project and for submitting questions over the past week for our first AMA!
 
Please see below for our answers. Question thread available here. If you would like further clarification on any of the below, please join our Telegram channel to speak directly with the team.
 
The RightMesh Team
 
 
 

I like you guys the most because you're a BCORP with a great purpose, but what does your organization do better than the competition? Thank you.

 
Thank you for your kind words about our B Corp status, it’s something we pride ourselves on at Left and RightMesh! For those who are not familiar, Left, the parent company of RightMesh, is a certified B-Corp and has won numerous awards for community engagement and corporate culture. B Corps are for-profit companies certified by the non-profit B Lab to meet rigorous standards of social and environmental performance, accountability, and transparency. As a certified B Corp, Left is committed to doing business “right” – for the good of all. There are over 2,400 B Corps in over 50 countries, covering 130 industries. Some notable B Corps include Ben & Jerry’s, Warby Parker, Patagonia, Etsy, Plum Organics, and of course, Left!
 
We believe there are several differentiating factors about RightMesh, spanning from our organization to our technology. These include:
 
 

Culture & Values:

 
Left’s founders, Chris Jensen and John Lyotier, had a dream to create a company built on core values and an anything-is-possible attitude that can make this planet a better place. We have been recognized as the “Best Employer in BC (British Columbia, Canada)” by Small Business BC, and we are a two-time winner of the BC Tech Community Engagement Award. All employees get to participate in our “Dream Program” in which the company supports us to fulfil our personal dreams and ambitions, and we are given unlimited work hours for volunteering in our community.
 

Team Expertise:

 
The RightMesh team consists of over 100 PhDs, Scientists, Developers, Entrepreneurs, Business Strategists and other experts who have in-depth expertise in Mesh technologies, blockchain and building successful businesses.
 
RightMesh has offices in Vancouver, Canada and Khulna, Bangladesh. We also have project contributors and partners working from Zug, Switzerland and Los Angeles, United States.
 
A key differentiating factor is the fact that our team has strong experience in scaling teams which will be extremely important to the success of RightMesh in the future following our TGE.
 

Executive Team Overview

 
John Lyotier, Co-founder and CEO  
Co-Founder & CEO, RightMesh. John is one of the co-founders and is a key contributor to the global strategy, vision, and technology roadmap for RightMesh, its parent company Left, and all its subsidiary brands. John is an entrepreneur and a successful marketer with more than 20 years of experience in promoting, launching, designing, and jumpstarting new businesses and products through innovative marketing concepts. Under his leadership, the parent company, Left, has gained a national reputation as being a “Best Workplace” award winner while being the first back-to-back recipient of the BC Tech Association’s Tech Impact Award for Community Engagement, recognizing the best company in BC for balancing “Work, Life, and Play”. With RightMesh, he is focused on bringing connectivity to the next billion.
 
Chris Jensen, Co-founder and COO  
Chris began his career in the UK working for multinationals and banks and continued in the banking and brokerage industry upon moving to Canada. He has a strong understanding of the finance markets and has lived the pain of raising capital for early stage companies during the beginning stages of growth, from 25 to 80+ employees. He has founded several start-up companies in his career. In his role as CEO for Left and COO at RightMesh, Chris thrives on understanding the big picture and on moving the levers that drive the company forward. This includes financing, strategic partnerships, and corporate development. Chris holds a BSc (Honours) in Economics and History from Queen Mary University of London.
 
Dr. Jason Ernst, CTO and Chief Networking Scientist  
Jason holds a PhD in the field of Mesh Networking and Heterogeneous Wireless Networks as well as a M.Sc. on Scheduling Techniques for Wireless Mesh Networks, both from the Applied Computing faculty at the University of Guelph. An adjunct professor at the University of Guelph, Jason has more than 30 published papers on wireless networks, cognitive agents, FPGAs, and soft-computing topics and has presented his research at international conferences around the world. Jason is the only Canadian member of the ACM Future of Computing Academy and a member of their executive committee. Prior to joining Left, Jason was the CTO of Redtree Robotics, which designed robots that made use of multiple radio technologies to ensure pervasive connectivity to each other and their operators.
 
Dr. David Wang, Applied Research Engineering Scientist  
Dr. Zehua Wang is the Chief Micropayment Scientist at RightMesh. He received Ph.D. degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, Canada. He received his master and bachelor degrees in Computer Engineering and Software Engineering, respectively. He holds a research fellow position in UBC. He has published more than 30 peer-reviewed book chapters and papers in topics of mobile ad-hoc networks, blockchain technology, the Internet of Things, and the fifth-generation wireless networks. He has expertise of using optimization and game theories to solve economic problems. He was a recipient of Four-Year-Fellowship and awarded the Graduate Support Initiative Award at UBC. In industry, he has about 10 years experiences of software development. In academia, he served as the technical program committee (TPC) Co-chair of IEEE International Workshop in Smart Multimedia and TPC members in many international conferences, including IEEE ICC, IEEE Globecom, and IEEE VTC, etc. He is a member of IEEE.
 
Saju Abraham, Chief Product Officer  
Saju is a seasoned professional in the realm of mobile and wireless technologies having worked with customers, partners and teams across 19 countries in organizations such as Lucent Technologies, Movius, NEC, OnMobile and Telefónica. His passion for building great products stemmed from his multifaceted experience as a software engineer, architect and product manager, and he currently thrives in bringing multiple cross-functional and cross-cultural teams together to cohesively execute the product strategy for RightMesh. His credentials include a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and Engineering and a Postgraduate degree in Management from the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore.
 
Melissa Quinn, Corporate Development Manager  
Melissa’s passion to empower people to be their best selves is why she has immersed herself in the blockchain, cryptocurrency, and mesh technology world. Heading up Corporate Development for RightMesh, Melissa works closely with the team while constantly seeking Partners, Advisors, and other game changers who are aligned with our vision. She has a BBA from SFU, a background in HR, and a strong desire to put innovative technology at the forefront of doing business as a force for good.
 
Rakib Islam, Co-Founder and CTO of Left  
In his role as CTO, Rakib sets the pace for Left’s application development initiatives, including key recruitment of engineering and mobile technologists. Rakib leads Left Technologies Pty Ltd, Left’s ISO-9000 certified subsidiary in Bangladesh. An active member of BASIS (Bangladesh Association for Software and Information Services), he frequently travels abroad to present an example of the ‘new’ Bangladesh and speak about economic empowerment. Rakib’s credentials include a Master’s Degree in Computer Science and Applications from Pune University, India, as well as being a participant in the US Department of State Professional Fellows Program for Young Entrepreneurs at the University of Oklahoma.
 
Tracy McDonald, Director, Talent & Culture  
With over 10 years working with people to grow their potential, Tracy is passionate about creating dynamic teams that facilitate business growth and positive culture. As an early Lefty, she was instrumental in scaling up the team to over 80 people, without losing the culture that makes Left special and unique. Tracy’s coaching and development work with the Lefties has been recognized with many awards including “Best Workplace in BC” and Community Engagement Winner from the BC Tech Association. Her dedication to making Left a premier workplace, was further recognized when Left became a certified B Corporation. Tracy’s belief in the potential of people allows her to lead with compassion, integrity, and trust. She earned her Bachelor of Science from Simon Fraser University.
 
Dana Harvey, Chief Communications Officer  
Dana harnesses the power of words and technology to engage audiences and compel them to action. As a communications professional with 25+ years’ experience in global markets, Dana combines strong strategic skills with out-of-the-box thinking and the unique ability to craft omnichannel content that resonates and inspires. She has helped large corporations like Nortel, Motorola and IBM develop new markets, managed an international advertising agency, and guided multiple businesses to success through her own communications consultancy. Dana is also an experienced public speaker, passionate about sharing her knowledge and motivating audiences. As an advocate for the full participation of women in all communities, she is especially interested in exploring the positive social and economic impacts RightMesh will bring to women in developing nations and around the world. Dana is co-founder of the Women’s Collaborative Hub, an organization that empowers youth and women from diverse backgrounds. Her credentials include a BA (Honours) in Communications and a Post Baccalaureate Masters (Dean’s List) in Asian Management.
 
Alyse Killeen, Executive Strategist  
Alyse is Managing Partner of StillMark Co. and StillMark Capital, and is one of the very first traditional venture investors to participate as an investor and advisor in the blockchain and cryptocurrency ecosystems. In 2015, the UN Foundation named her a Top 70 Bay Area Digital Leader, and in 2016, Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS), a university under the ambit of Singapore’s national Ministry of Education, appointed Alyse as a Fintech Fellow. In 2017, International Business Times (IBT) recognized Alyse’s contribution to the development of the blockchain ecosystem by including her in the 4th position of IBT’s “VCs Powering the Blockchain Boom” List, following Tim Draper, Mark Cuban, and Naval Ravikant of AngelList and MetaStable. Alyse has presented internationally, been featured in many reputable publications, authored a book chapter in the award-winning Handbook of Digital Currency titled “The Confluence of Bitcoin and the Global Sharing Economy”, and in 2017 contributed to the next book in the series, Handbook of Blockchain, Digital Finance, and Inclusion (2017), co-authoring “Global Financial Institutions 2.0” with Dr. R. Chan of the World Bank. In her role as Executive Strategist, Alyse consults with the executive team, including on the development of the team’s network within the blockchain community and introduction to ecosystem leaders.
 

Our Advisors:

 
Our advisory team consists of advisors who believe in the long lasting success of the project. They have been carefully selected to help built RightMesh over multiple years of operation and are not involved solely for the token generation event.
 
Our advisors include:
 
 

Academic Research:

 
Academic research has been core to the design and development of RightMesh thus far, and will continue to be a key driver for us in the future. RightMesh works closely with Universities on academic research on mesh networks, blockchain technology, and payment channels. We are working on research with the University of British Columbia on density simulation and payment channel development. Since early 2017, we’ve been conducting research on mesh networks and connectivity in Arctic / remote regions with:
 
 
We've received grants from NSERC, MITACS and CIRA to support pilot programs thus far and are submitting a MITACS cluster grant to support over 100 graduate student units over the next 3-5 years. This research covers everything from how to design relevant mesh apps in the communities the mesh is operating in, to performance evaluation of the network protocols, to scalability of micropayment channels.
 

Technology:

 
It is also important how the mesh is designed for scalability reasons. Most mesh networking solutions are built around a store and forward and broadcast mechanism. This mechanism is not scalable and congests the network causing complete breakdown of the network. Even a small amount of devices can quickly cause exponential traffic resulting in extremely high delay and low effective throughput for apps running on broadcast protocols. In the RightMesh network, devices directly communicate with another device, and make smart routing decisions along the way.
 
RightMesh implements autonomous role topology/mesh creation layer - which means devices in the RightMesh network will autonomously detect each other and connect - user intervention in the network role is minimized .
 

Other key tech differentiators include:

 
We don't broadcast data. We compute a route between devices. Our protocol was built to use multiple paths (most use a single path and have long recovery times on a broken connection). The RightMesh network protocols can failover, or use multiple paths at the same time. RightMesh doesn't require the phone to be rooted. RightMesh doesn't require extra hardware. RightMesh can share existing Wi-Fi or Cellular Data, many others can only share Cellular Data.
 
 

Partners & Affiliations:

 
 
Answer provided by the RightMesh Team
 
 

Hello, First, congratulations on the big idea! I'm definitely a supporter. (1/2) My question is how far are you into testing your mesh network?

 
Thank you! We’ve spent the last 1.5 years or so building the protocol stack from the ground up, and so most of the testing that has been done has been around testing the functionality of the stack - including node discovery, single-hop and multi-hop communication, multi-path routing, forming mesh networks with heterogeneous wireless links, and app integration.
 
And over time, we steadily have been improving our end-to-end reliable communications protocol. The protocol originally achieved somewhere on the order of a few kbps when we first started because we did e2e acks on every packet. We have since moved to sliding window and selective ack mechanism which has allowed the performance to climb closer to the Mbps range. However, we still have more work to do in order to achieve the theoretical maximums of the individual links (and even faster if combining links).
 
In terms of testing of the scale of a RightMesh network, we've tested with up to 10 hops on a single path, but can likely support more. Right now the largest offline mesh we've had is 30 devices, limited only by the number of devices we had available at that moment in time.
 
Building a performance evaluation framework is one of our next immediate and important tasks, where we can evaluate the performance of the network under various test conditions - for example how the network behaves based on density, and how does the number of hops impact the response time and data that flows through the network.
 

(2/2) Can I assume I'll only be able to participate if I'm in the surrounding locations? For example: Someone in Indonesia is using RightMesh to try and connect to the internet. Is there a possibility for me to help them if I live in a different country? Thank you and keep up the good work.

 
To be a participant in a RightMesh network, you will have to be in close vicinity with another RightMesh powered node (smartphone) in order to be connected to a network. However, it will be possible for community members to operate devices that provide a “superpeer” layer. These would be fixed nodes with stable, reliable, and ideally fast internet connections. They would provide relaying between different geographically separate meshes - for instance between two neighbourhoods that are too far apart for one mesh to cover them both. They would be required to provide tokens in order to facilitate the channels that need to be made between the buyers and sellers. This would allow them to charge a fee for having their tokens locked up in the channels.
 
We will also open source the superpeer, so people will be able to work off our reference superpeer implementation and build their own custom superpeers. This would let them control the strategy the superpeer uses to allocate tokens into channels. We expect to have a release of the superpeer which supports payment channels by next week. At this point in time the solution is proof-of-concept stage, but some testing has been done to support two meshes communicating with each other through a superpeer where the data seller in each mesh is compensated by buyers in each mesh.
 
Answers provided by Dr. Jason Ernst, CTO and Chief Networking Scientist & Saju Abraham, Chief Product Officer
 
 

What do you see as the biggest challenge with taking your technology to market and hitting your usegrowth targets?

 
Density is the biggest challenge of mesh technologies, and one of the reasons why token economies are required to incentivize users to share their signal when it is available.
 
We are looking to bring in users into the RightMesh ecosystem through the work they do in the network, and provide them economic incentives that will encourage further action. What defines work? Being a part of a relay node in the network for instance - that reduces barriers to entry. Or incentivizing users for taking actions in the app or to consume content such as ads. The more opportunities there are for users to earn, the more people that will join, the more developers that will join the ecosystem, leading to more opportunities, and the network effects loop should grow stronger.
 
Answer provided by Saju Abraham, Chief Product Officer & Aldrin D’souza, Product Manager
 
 

(1/3) What is the theoretical maximum mesh size?

 
There isn't really a theoretical limit. We don't have any hard caps on devices in our code, however locally there may be limitations from individual phones. For instance, I've seen some phones in hotspot mode which only support 6 clients connected to it. On other phones sometimes, as few as 3-4 BT connections. So there are some constraints on the topology and the maximum number of connections one device may have, but it is limited more by the devices, the chipset and Android, rather than our software. We can also get around some of these limitations still using our switching technology, however, this will have a noticeable impact on delay.
 

(2/3) Does the transfer rate for users slow as the mesh size increases?

 
This is less a function of the number of users, or devices, and more a function of the demand on the network. A network with many devices and few users actually requesting traffic may perform better than a small network where all of the users are requesting lots of traffic. There is some overhead in the protocol to maintain the connectivity of devices, however this will be minimal in impact compared to the load of traffic from all of the devices. It also depends on where the traffic is going. If it internal to the mesh it may be possible with a dense mesh that RightMesh could support high throughput internally. The bottlenecks would likely occur in cases where there is lots of traffic which requires the Internet, and there are too few people willing to sell or donate Internet data into the network. Compared to other meshes howevever because RightMesh can support multiple paths, we can split the load across all available Internet connections rather than doing something more naiive like rely only on the closest one, for example.
 

(3/3) How do you plan to test a large scale mesh prior to launch?

 
There is lots that we can do with simulation, or combining simulations with some real devices. We also have a large team in Bangladesh that can help support field tests in some very different environment that we are used to in Vancouver.
 
Further, we are working with researchers at UBC and Guelph so that graduate students can apply some of the latest research methods in simulation and performance evaluation to RightMesh. (I myself have a PhD that relied heavily in this area, and we have several other PhDs on the team who can provide expertise to graduate students in this area. We are also working with some other top researchers in this area who will help in ensure we are straining and breaking the network as much as possible before launch).
 
To be more specific, it will be a combination of stressing various components of the system one at a time, along with tests that stress all of the components at once. We are also building software that can automate various scenarios to test how the phones and the library can handle different topologies and connectivity. Before we consider it ready for launch however, we'll need some wide scale tests with real devices and real traffic. This will likely happen by working with friendly partners who believe in the benefits of what the mesh can provide in very localized applications (think a train schedule app in a crowded city for example). This will inevetiably result in parts of the protocol breaking, which will iteratively repair.
 
Once we are satisfied that the network as a whole can maintain stability, tokens properly account for the data being used (verified on the public testnets), and that users of these early partner apps are having a good user experience, we will deploy to the public network.
 
Answers provided by Dr. Jason Ernst, CTO and Chief Networking Scientist
 
 

Have you had direct interest from large enterprise clients wishing to use the mesh technology in their apps/content strategy as yet, or are you having to reach out to them to generate interest?

 
Yes, RightMesh has been receiving direct inquiries from major corporations and organizations every day. These companies are largely interested in reaching emerging markets and regions where connectivity is an issue, and has been inaccessible until now. Mesh technology, being so new, will enable new types of applications to emerge that have not previously been possible, so proof of concepts for both RightMesh and partners will be a key focus. We’re actively in discussion with companies who are interested in integrating RightMesh into mobile applications, dApps, IoT devices and other hardware products to develop pilot projects.
 
In addition to these inbound inquiries, we have an outbound strategy as well, where we’ve identified key verticals that would benefit from mesh enabled applications. In the near term, over the next year while we harden the RightMesh protocol, we plan to focus on working with partners who provide services like emergency communications, distance education, medical services, and messaging applications, to name a few.
 
We see the need to work with a variety of different types of partners from international NGOs to brand names in order to test various use cases (ex. emergency medical alerts or content distribution from content providers). Our partnership strategy will evolve over time as our protocol matures.
 
We will publish announcements as per our effective disclosure policy once anything is material.
 
If your organization is interested in discussing a partnership or collaboration with RightMesh, we'd love to hear from you! Please email us at [email protected].
 
Answer provided by Brianna MacNeil, Product Manager, Blockchain
 
 

First let me say this product is revolutionary, I know if availability is solved there is no reason not to use this. My question is regarding your choice of an erc20 token, wasn't it more suitable to choose something like IOTA for constant payment of internet access? Are you planning for the payments to be made every second per MB consumed or something like that? Thanks

 

Related question: How exactly to you intend to use microtransactions considering high Tx fees from the Ethereum network?

 
Thank you very much for your feedback!
 
First, for context, let’s explain why and how RightMesh is using blockchain technology. Firstly, the protocol is integrated with Ethereum to uniquely identify each node (smartphone/device) in the mesh network by assigning it a MeshID in a similar way that a MAC address is assigned an IP address. Secondly, participation in the network is incentivized through an ERC20 token, called RMESH, and the network uses a custom implementation of µRaiden to allow for micropayments of micro amounts of data in the network.
 
We are supporters of Ethereum and its strong development community. Scalability and reducing transaction fees are two of the biggest challenges that the Ethereum community is working on now. But, while that is happening, we have also been looking at our own protocol design to minimize the need of Ethereum transactions and tackle the problem of scalability.
 
Every microtransaction that occurs on a RightMesh network does not need to be secured on the blockchain - that is vastly inefficient. That’s why we’ve been relying on a payment channel design based on µRaiden that allow micro transactions to occur in the network between nodes without transaction fees, and not being dependant on the blockchain for every transaction. We think this has to be a joint community effort, and so we’ve published the work we’ve done in porting the µRaiden libraries to Java to be used in our Android libraries.
 
We also believe that being a part of the Ethereum community also means contributing to it and helping it to move forward.
 
We hope that the work we have been doing on µRaiden and porting the libraries to other languages - specifically Java so it could be used in Android applications - will benefit other projects who plan to use the Ethereum network for microtransactions: https://github.com/RightMesh/microraiden-java
 
Answer provided by Saju Abraham, Chief Product Officer
 
 

If Google/Alphabet succeed with Project Loon, will this damage RightMesh's market?

 
If Google’s Project Loon succeeds, it would be a win for everyone and the planet. The same goes for the SpaceX satellite initiatives, the OneWeb project, Facebook’s global internet initiatives, 5G networks, and the success of other mesh networking technologies in the blockchain space.
 
We each share the goal of bringing connectivity to the nearly 4 billion people who do not have access to internet and connectivity. At the end of the day, we, RightMesh, aim to lift millions out of poverty by providing them with access to the societal and economic benefits afforded by the internet and access to information. This is not something that can be solved by one entity. It will take the combination of different solutions and approaches to make this a reality.
 
One major strength of RightMesh is that we can solve last mile connectivity, which is incidentally complementary to many other projects in the space. There is a good opportunity for us to potentially collaborate with some forward-thinking wireless companies, MVNOs, and corporations working on global connectivity projects, to provide last mile delivery.
 
Answer provided by John Lyotier, CEO & Brianna MacNeil, Product Manager, Blockchain
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Bitcoin and Ethereum Flippening  Token Metrics AMA Bitcoin Halving Price Predictions? Ethereum to $400 ... Ray Dalio Reddit AMA Zusammenfassung & meine Meinung - YouTube Channing Tatum Answers Hilarious AMA Reddit Questions! Bitcoin Roundup: Updates On BitFlyer, GoCoin, Swarm, Tecnisa And A Reddit AMA With Gavin Andresen

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Bitcoin and Ethereum Flippening Token Metrics AMA

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